Winners or Losers? Democracies in International Crisis, 1918–94

@article{Gelpi2001WinnersOL,
  title={Winners or Losers? Democracies in International Crisis, 1918–94},
  author={Christopher Gelpi and Michael Jeffrey Griesdorf},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  year={2001},
  volume={95},
  pages={633 - 647}
}
We attempt to explain when and why democratic states will prevail in international crises. We review several of the prominent theories about democratic political structures and derive hypotheses from each framework about crisis outcomes. These hypotheses are tested against the population of 422 international crises between 1918 and 1994. Our findings provide further evidence that the democratic peace is not a spurious result of common interests. Moreover, we also begin the difficult task of… 
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