Wind-aided dispersal of simulated bark beetles flying through forests


Larger bark beetles such as Ips typographus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) fly at about 2 m s for up to several hours. Computer simulations in two dimensions showed that bark beetles are capable of dispersing from a brood tree over wide areas while drifting with the wind. For example, if beetles take an angle of maximum turn (AMT) at random up to 10° either left… (More)


9 Figures and Tables