Wilms tumor genetics: mutations in WT1, WTX, and CTNNB1 account for only about one-third of tumors.

@article{Ruteshouser2008WilmsTG,
  title={Wilms tumor genetics: mutations in WT1, WTX, and CTNNB1 account for only about one-third of tumors.},
  author={E. Cristy Ruteshouser and Stephen M. Robinson and Vicki Huff},
  journal={Genes, chromosomes & cancer},
  year={2008},
  volume={47 6},
  pages={461-70}
}
Wilms tumor is genetically heterogeneous, and until recently only one Wilms tumor gene was known, WT1 at 11p13. However, WT1 is altered in only approximately 20% of Wilms tumors. Recently a novel gene, WTX at Xq11.1, was reported to be mutated in Wilms tumors. No overlap between tumors with mutations in WTX and WT1 was noted, suggesting that WT1 and WTX mutations could account for the genetic basis of roughly half of Wilms tumors. To assess the frequency of WTX mutations and their relationship… CONTINUE READING

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