William III and his two navies

  title={William III and his two navies},
  author={Jaap R. Bruijn},
  journal={Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London},
  pages={117 - 132}
  • J. Bruijn
  • Published 1 July 1989
  • History
  • Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London
Soon after his accession to the English throne William’s two navies started combined operations against the common enemy France. The Nine Years War had broken out, and this was followed after a short interval by the War of the Spanish Succession. Combined naval operations by two allies were nothing uncommon in those days. Anglo- French fleets had fought the Dutch in no fewer than four fierce battles in 1672 and 1673. French and Dutch squadrons had cooperated against the English Navy in 1666… 
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