Will the real smart city please stand up?

@article{Hollands2008WillTR,
  title={Will the real smart city please stand up?},
  author={R. Hollands},
  journal={City},
  year={2008},
  volume={12},
  pages={303 - 320}
}
Debates about the future of urban development in many Western countries have been increasingly influenced by discussions of smart cities. Yet despite numerous examples of this ‘urban labelling’ phenomenon, we know surprisingly little about so‐called smart cities, particularly in terms of what the label ideologically reveals as well as hides. Due to its lack of definitional precision, not to mention an underlying self‐congratulatory tendency, the main thrust of this article is to provide a… Expand
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