Wildlife Ecotoxicology of Pesticides: Can We Track Effects to the Population Level and Beyond?

  title={Wildlife Ecotoxicology of Pesticides: Can We Track Effects to the Population Level and Beyond?},
  author={Heinz-R. K{\"o}hler and Rita Triebskorn},
  pages={759 - 765}
During the past 50 years, the human population has more than doubled and global agricultural production has similarly risen. However, the productive arable area has increased by just 10%; thus the increased use of pesticides has been a consequence of the demands of human population growth, and its impact has reached global significance. Although we often know a pesticide′s mode of action in the target species, we still largely do not understand the full impact of unintended side effects on… 

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ABSTRACT Extensive applications of pesticides in agriculture and industry result in contamination of the natural environment, thus exerting a negative impact on organisms inhabiting various trophic