Wild pollinators enhance fruit set of crops regardless of honey bee abundance.

  title={Wild pollinators enhance fruit set of crops regardless of honey bee abundance.},
  author={Lucas Alejandro Garibaldi and Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter and Rachael Winfree and Marcelo A Aizen and Riccardo Bommarco and Saul A. Cunningham and Claire Kremen and Lu{\'i}sa G Carvalheiro and Lawrence D Harder and Ohad Afik and Ignasi Bartomeus and Faye E. Benjamin and Virginie Boreux and Daniel P Cariveau and Natacha P Chacoff and Jan H Dudenh{\"o}ffer and Breno Magalh{\~a}es Freitas and Jaboury Ghazoul and Sarah S. Greenleaf and Juliana Hip{\'o}lito and Andrea Holzschuh and Brad G. Howlett and Rufus Isaacs and Steven K Javorek and Christina M. Kennedy and Kristin M. Krewenka and Smitha Krishnan and Yael Mandelik and Margaret M Mayfield and Iris Motzke and Theodore Munyuli and Brian A. Nault and Mark Otieno and J. Petersen and Gideon Pisanty and Simon Geoffrey Potts and Romina Rader and Taylor H. Ricketts and Maj Rundl{\"o}f and Colleen L. Seymour and Christof Sch{\"u}epp and Hajnalka Szentgy{\"o}rgyi and Hisatomo Taki and Teja Tscharntke and Carlos H. Vergara and Blandina Felipe Viana and Thomas Cherico Wanger and Catrin Westphal and N. Williams and Alexandra Maria Klein},
  volume={339 6127},
The diversity and abundance of wild insect pollinators have declined in many agricultural landscapes. Whether such declines reduce crop yields, or are mitigated by managed pollinators such as honey bees, is unclear. We found universally positive associations of fruit set with flower visitation by wild insects in 41 crop systems worldwide. In contrast, fruit set increased significantly with flower visitation by honey bees in only 14% of the systems surveyed. Overall, wild insects pollinated… CONTINUE READING
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