Wild Parsnip (Pastinaca Sativa): A Troublesome Species of Increasing Concern

@inproceedings{Averill2007WildP,
  title={Wild Parsnip (Pastinaca Sativa): A Troublesome Species of Increasing Concern},
  author={Kristine M. Averill and Antonio DiTommaso},
  booktitle={Weed Technology},
  year={2007}
}
Although many of us fondly associate parsnips with a rustic, home-cooked meal, there is also a wild variety that is increasingly causing problems as a weed in North America. The cultivated variety is a subspecies of Pastinaca sativa (Pastinaca sativa ssp. sativa) and contains lower amounts of the problematic furanocoumarins than the wild version. Wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa L. PAVSA) is an introduced facultative biennial from Eurasia. It has spread throughout the United States and southern… 
Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa L.) Breeding for the Future
TLDR
This chapter presents an overview of the origin, distribution, economic importance, taxonomic position, crop cultivation practices and challenges as well as recent developments in molecular breeding and biotechnology and how these new technologies can be used to develop improved, sustainable parsnip varieties.
The Biology of Canadian weeds. 144. Pastinaca sativa L.
The parsnip, Pastinaca sativa, was introduced to North America shortly after European settlement as an important root-crop. It subsequently escaped cultivation and naturalized as a less palatable
Characterisation of parsnip canker pathogens and identification of plant resistance
TLDR
The understanding of the pathology gained in this project will facilitate selection of resistant varieties, benefitting breeders, growers and through reduction in control mechanisms, society in general.
Review of Pharmacological Properties and Chemical Constituents of Pastinaca sativa
TLDR
The most important active ingredients in Pastinaca sativa are furanocoumarins, flavonoids and polyacetylenes, and it has many pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, vasodilator, antifungal, antimicrobial and antidepressant.
Antioxidant Activity of Pastinaca sativa L. ssp. sylvestris [Mill.] Rouy and Camus Essential Oil
TLDR
The essential oil exhibited an excellent activity for the inhibition of primary and secondary oxidation products for cold-pressed sunflower oil comparable with butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) andbutylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), which were evaluated using peroxide and thiobarbituric acid values.
Patterns of Genetic Diversity in the Globally Invasive Species Wild Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)
TLDR
Evidence obtained in this study indicates that escape from cultivation led to the globalization of wild parsnips and introduced populations have high genetic diversity, suggesting multiple introductions of this noxious invasive species.
A PROCEDURE FOR IDENTIFYING INVASIVE WILD PARSNIP PLANTS BASED ON VISIBLE BANDS FROM UAV IMAGES
Wild parsnip is an invasive plant that has serious health risks to humans due to the toxin in its sap. Monitoring its presence has been a challenging task for conservation authorities due to its
Carbon sequestration and weedy invasion in CRP fields
The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) aims to provide ecosystem services in landscapes dominated by agriculture by converting previous agricultural fields into reconstructed prairies and wetlands.
Parsnip phytobezoar causing small bowel obstruction

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 97 REFERENCES
The Parsnip as a Food in the Classical Era
THE parsnip, Pastinaca 8ativa L. (Peucedanum sativum Benth. and Hook.), is alien to the flora of Greece, but fairly common in Italy.2 Seeds of this umbellifer have been found in the dumps of Swiss
Patterns of furanocoumarin production and insect herbivory in a population of wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa L.)
TLDR
Seasonal changes in the distribution and abundance of furanocoumarins in wild parsnip, Pastinaca sativa, were examined in a population of plants in Tompkins County, New York and revealed that generalized insect herbivores tend to feed on plants or plant parts low in furanOCoumarin content and, correspondingly, low in nitrogen content.
Studies on the autecology and population biology of the weedy monocarpic perennial, Pastinaca sativa
TLDR
It is suggested that plants must reach a critical size before they can respond to the environmental stimuli of vernalization and photoperiod.
CONSTRAINTS ON CHEMICAL COEVOLUTION: WILD PARSNIPS AND THE PARSNIP WEBWORM
TLDR
The wild parsnip and the Parsnip webworm appear to have reached an evolutionary “stalemate” in the coevolutionary arms race.
Brementown revisited: interaction among allelochemicals in plants
TLDR
Interactions among co-occurring secondary compounds as regards herbivory, insect and otherwise, have been largely ignored by investigators who have instead concentrated on single classes of secondary products.
Furanocoumarin Induction in Wild Parsnip: Evidence for an Induced Defense against Herbivores
TLDR
It is found that furanocoumarin induction can account for much of the reduced larval growth associated with induction in intact plants, which is likely to represent an adaptation to herbivory.
Parthenocarpic fruits in wild parsnip: Decoy defence against a specialist herbivore
TLDR
Parthenocarpic fruits, the production of fruits without viable seeds, may act as decoys that divert herbivores away from fruits that contain plant offspring.
Furanocoumarins in wild parsnip : effects of photosynthetically active radiation, ultraviolet light, and nutrients
Previous studies of wild parsnip, Pastinaca sativa L., revealed a significant degree of genetically controlled variation in furanocoumarin production. In this study, the influence of environmental
Furanocoumarin Induction in Wild Parsnip: Genetics and Population Variation
TLDR
This study provides the first evidence that selection can act on inducibility of plant chemical defenses, and measured the levels of genetic variation and genetic correlation for induced and constitutive furanocoumarins in two populations of wild parsnip.
A taxonomic revision of the genus Pastinaca L. (Umbelliferae).
TLDR
Pollen studies showed that the pollen of the genus Pastinaca could be described as cerebroid, and three flavonoid compounds were detected in the genus.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...