Wikipedia outperforms individuals when it comes to hindsight bias

@article{Oeberst2019WikipediaOI,
  title={Wikipedia outperforms individuals when it comes to hindsight bias},
  author={Aileen Oeberst and Ina von der Beck and Ulrike Cress and Steffen Nestler},
  journal={Psychological Research},
  year={2019},
  pages={1-11}
}
Hindsight bias—the tendency to overestimate in hindsight what one knew in foresight—is a robust and pervasive human error. A recent study with Wikipedia articles, however, found evidence for a hindsight bias only for disasters but not for any other event category (e.g., elections). Although this might suggest Wikipedia articles to be less biased than individuals, alternative explanations had not been ruled out. The present study set out to answer this question by comparing individuals’ and… 

Topics from this paper

Debiasing Media Articles – Reducing Hindsight Bias in the Production of Written Work
Written work such as Wikipedia articles can contain hindsight bias. Since reading biased texts can, in turn, increase recipients’ individual hindsight bias, it is an important agenda to examine
Collectively biased representations of the past: Ingroup Bias in Wikipedia articles about intergroup conflicts.
TLDR
This paper is the first to demonstrate ingroup bias in Wikipedia - a finding that is of practical as well as theoretical relevance as it outline in the discussion.
Nitpicking online knowledge representations of governmental leadership. The case of Belgian prime ministers in Wikipedia and Wikidata.
A key pitfall for knowledge-seekers, particularly in the political arena, is informed complacency, or an over-reliance on search engines at the cost of epistemic curiosity. Recent scholarship has
Why and how medical schools, peer-reviewed journals, and research funders should promote Wikipedia editing
ABSTRACT Do academics, both directly and indirectly involved with healthcare, have a moral mandate to ensure that Wikipedia has the most accurate, up-to-date and understandable information? From the
Women's Participation in Wikipedia: Cross-Border Balkan Perspective
Since Wikipedia is a turning point in the way we share and read information in the 21st century, the participation of different demographic groups in this process is of great importance. In this
Rethinking Creativity

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 107 REFERENCES
Biases in the production and reception of collective knowledge: the case of hindsight bias in Wikipedia
TLDR
The present research analyzes foresight and hindsight versions of Wikipedia articles regarding a broad variety of events to examine whether individual biases translate to Wikipedia articles or whether they are prevented by its guidelines, and investigates the impact of biased Wikipedia articles on readers.
Hindsight bias around the world.
TLDR
It is suggested that the basic cognitive processes leading to hindsight bias are by-products of the evolutionary-evolved capacity of adaptive learning, and individual meta-cognitions or motives may further moderate the amount of bias.
Hindsight Bias
  • N. Roese, K. Vohs
  • Medicine
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2012
TLDR
New technologies for visualizing and understanding data sets may have the unintended consequence of heightening hindsight bias, but an intervention that encourages people to consider alternative causal explanations for a given outcome can reduce hindsight bias.
Decomposing Hindsight Bias
Traditional accounts of “hindsight bias” inadequately distinguish “primary” hindsight bias from both “secondary” and “tertiary” hindsight bias. A subject exhibits primary bias when she assigns a
How many hindsight biases are there?
TLDR
It is argued that the hindsight bias is not a unitary phenomenon but consists of three separable and partially independent subphenomena or components, namely, memory distortions, impressions of foreseeability and impressions of necessity, which are investigated in the context of political elections.
No Reduction in Hindsight Bias after Complete Information and Repeated Testing
In hindsight, people often claim to have known more than they actually did. This finding has been termed hindsight bias. We report two hindsight-bias experiments which yielded converging results with
Individual differences in reverse Hindsight bias: I never thought something like chernobyl would happen. Did I?
Hindsight bias was studied in the context of the accident in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, which took place on April 26th 1986. An individual difference factor which relates to the motivation to
The hindsight bias: A meta-analysis
Abstract The hindsight bias in probability assessments is one of the most frequently cited judgment biases. A meta-analysis of 122 studies revealed evidence that the bias occurs under some conditions
Hindsight Distortion and the 1980 Presidential Election
The tendency for people retrospectively to overestimate the degree to which they expected certain events to occur was examined within the context of the 1980 presidential election. Previous research
Editorial Bias in Crowd-Sourced Political Information
TLDR
The results demonstrate that crowd-sourced information is subject to an editorial bias that favors the politically active in the political articles of this collaborative website.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...