WikiLeaks and Iraq Body Count: the Sum of Parts May Not Add Up to the Whole—A Comparison of Two Tallies of Iraqi Civilian Deaths

  title={WikiLeaks and Iraq Body Count: the Sum of Parts May Not Add Up to the Whole—A Comparison of Two Tallies of Iraqi Civilian Deaths},
  author={D. A. Carpenter and Tova Fuller and Leslie Roberts},
  journal={Prehospital and Disaster Medicine},
  pages={223 - 229}
Abstract Introduction The number of civilians killed in Iraq following the 2003 invasion has proven difficult to measure and contentious in recent years. The release of the Wikileaks War Logs (WL) has created the potential to conduct a sensitivity analysis of the commonly-cited Iraq Body Count's (IBC's) tally, which is based on press, government, and other public sources. Hypothesis The 66,000 deaths reported in the Wikileaks War Logs are mostly the same events as those previously reported in… 

The Perils of Self-Censorship in Academic Research in a WikiLeaks World

For the past six years, the availability of WikiLeaks data—including the SIGACTS violent event data for Afghanistan and Iraq as well as the diplomatic cables—has posed an important challenge for

Violent deaths of media workers associated with conflict in Iraq, 2003–2012

The relatively high quality of data on violent deaths in this occupational group, suggests that it could act as one sentinel population within a broader surveillance system of societal violence in conflict zones.

Views to a war: systematic differences in media and military reporting of the war in Iraq

This study systematically identifies a number of key quantitative differences between the event reporting in the two datasets and demonstrates that even for subsets where both datasets are most consistent at an aggregate level, the daily time series and timing signatures of events differ significantly.

Opportunities Lost: Political Interference in the Systematic Collection of Population Health Data During and After the 2003 War in Iraq

  • F. Burkle
  • Political Science
    Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
  • 2020
ABSTRACT The review of the article, “Developing a Public Health Monitoring System in a War-torn Region: A Field Report from Iraqi Kurdistan,” prompted the writing of this commentary. Decisions to

On the Accuracy of Media-based Conflict Event Data

An analysis of the accuracy of information given in news reports is provided, which confirms the expectation that events with a low number of observers tend to have higher reporting inaccuracies and assesses the magnitude of these inaccuracy and the implications for conducting empirical analyses with media-based event data.

Individual-Level Data on the Victims of Nepal’s Civil War, 1996–2006: A New Data Set

This article introduces individual-level microdata on victims of violence in Nepal’s civil war (1996–2006). The data being presented in this study are unique in that they are a census—not a sample—of

Estimating mortality from external causes using data from retrospective surveys: A validation study in Niakhar (Senegal)

Asking questions about deaths resulting from injuries and accidents during surveys might help measure mortality from external causes in LMICs, but the resulting data displays systematic bias in a rural population of Senegal.

An exploration of multiple systems estimation for empirical research with conict-related deaths

This paper demonstrates that the statistical method of multiple systems estimation (MSE) can be used to estimate the total number of conict-related fatalities during an episode of lethal violence in Kosovo (March-June 1999), and shows that MSE addresses problems of incomplete and biased registration common in data on observed lethal violence.

Violent conflict and breastfeeding: the case of Iraq

It is found that increases in conflict-related casualties are associated with a significant decline in the probability that a child was ever breastfed and a decline inThe probability of a child is currently breastfeeding, which is robust to alternative measures of conflict.

How to estimate (and not to estimate) war deaths: A reply to van Weezel and Spagat

Stijn van Weezel and Michael Spagat (2017) have critiqued our 2011 report of mortality in Iraq following the 2003 US-led invasion in this issue of Research & Politics. In this response, we make our



Media Coverage of Violent Deaths in Iraq: An Opportunistic Capture-Recapture Assessment

The vast majority of violent deaths in Iraq are not reported by the press, and efforts to monitor events by press coverage or reports of tallies similar to those reported in the press should be evaluated with the suspicion applied to any passive surveillance network: that it may be incomplete.

Violence-related mortality in Iraq from 2002 to 2006.

Results from the Iraq Family Health Survey provide new evidence on mortality in Iraq and point to a massive death toll, only one of the many health and human consequences of an ongoing humanitarian crisis.

Fifty years of violent war deaths from Vietnam to Bosnia: analysis of data from the world health survey programme

The use of data on sibling history from peacetime population surveys can retrospectively estimate mortality from war, and there is no evidence of a recent decline in war deaths.

Violence-related mortality in Iraq, 2002-2006.

  • G. Burnham
  • Medicine
    The New England journal of medicine
  • 2008
Bispectral index monitoring to prevent awareness during anaesthesia: the B-Aware randomised controlled trial and the misuse of power when interpreting results.

Common ecology quantifies human insurgency

This work proposes a unified model of human insurgency that reproduces commonalities across wars, explains conflict-specific variations quantitatively in terms of underlying rules of engagement, and establishes a quantitative connection between human insurgency, global terrorism and ecology.

The weapons that kill civilians--deaths of children and noncombatants in Iraq, 2003-2008.

The Iraq Body Count database was used to determine the nature and effects of various weapons on civilians in Iraq and is now convinced that documenting the particular causes of violent civilian deaths during armed conflict is essential, both to prevent civilian harm and to monitor compliance with international humanitarian law.

The True Worth of Air Power

FOR MORE THAN A DECADE, advocates of precision air weapons have argued that wars can be won by selectively taking out an enemy's leaders, its communication systems, and the economic infrastructure of