Why were Scud casualties so low?

@article{Fetter1993WhyWS,
  title={Why were Scud casualties so low?},
  author={Steve Fetter and George N. Lewis and Lisbeth Dagmar Gronlund},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1993},
  volume={361},
  pages={293-296}
}
Patriot missiles were returned to the Gulf last week. But they were not the reason for the unexpectedly low casualty rate when Saddam attacked Israel with Scud missiles in 1991. 
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