Why there is no false memory trait and why everyone is susceptible to memory distortions: The dual encoding interference hypothesis (Commentary on Bernstein, Scoboria, Desjarlais, & Soucie, 2018).

@article{Patihis2018WhyTI,
  title={Why there is no false memory trait and why everyone is susceptible to memory distortions: The dual encoding interference hypothesis (Commentary on Bernstein, Scoboria, Desjarlais, \& Soucie, 2018).},
  author={Lawrence Patihis},
  journal={Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice},
  year={2018}
}
  • Lawrence Patihis
  • Published 1 June 2018
  • Psychology
  • Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice

Imagination Inflation Effects Are Unrelated Across Two Imagination Inflation Tasks

Imagination inflation occurs when individuals’ confidence that an event has occurred increases after they imagine it occurring. The primary purpose of the present study was to examine the

Who is susceptible in three false memory tasks?

TLDR
Results indicate that many correlations between false memory variables in all three inter-paradigm comparisons are null, though some small, positive, significant correlations emerged and it seems likely that there is no false memory “trait”.

Superior Memory: An Example of the Benefits of Examining Individual Differences in Cognitive Psychology

  • Lawrence Patihis
  • Psychology
    Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
  • 2018

References

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False Memory Tasks Do Not Reliably Predict Other False Memories

TLDR
At this time, false memory production in a given laboratory task does not appear to adequately predict false memories in other tasks, a finding with implications for using these tasks to predict memory distortion in real world situations.

Individual differences and correlates of highly superior autobiographical memory

TLDR
Speculative pathways describing how the tendencies to absorb and fantasise could lead to enhanced autobiographical memory are discussed and how sleep quality may be a small factor worthy of further research.

Creating Memories for False Autobiographical Events in Childhood: A Systematic Review

TLDR
It is concluded that susceptibility to false memories of childhood events appears more limited than has been suggested and recommendations are made for presenting the results of these studies in courtroom settings.

False memories in highly superior autobiographical memory individuals

TLDR
It is suggested that HSAM individuals reconstruct their memories using associative grouping, as demonstrated by a word-list task, and by incorporating postevent information, as shown in misinformation tasks, and that malleable reconstructive mechanisms may be fundamental to episodic remembering.

Evaluation of the evidence for the trauma and fantasy models of dissociation.

TLDR
There is strong empirical support for the hypothesis that trauma causes dissociation, and that dissociation remains related to trauma history when fantasy proneness is controlled, and little support is found for the hypotheses that the dissociation-trauma relationship is due toantasy proneness or confabulated memories of trauma.

False-Positive Psychology

TLDR
It is shown that despite empirical psychologists’ nominal endorsement of a low rate of false-positive findings, flexibility in data collection, analysis, and reporting dramatically increases actual false- positive rates, and a simple, low-cost, and straightforwardly effective disclosure-based solution is suggested.

Memory distortion: an adaptive perspective

Neural activity during encoding predicts false memories created by misinformation.

TLDR
Encoding processes play a critical role in determining true and false memory outcome in misinformation paradigms, according to which activity for false memories was greater during the Original Event phase than the Misinformation phase.