Why there are complementary learning systems in the hippocampus and neocortex: insights from the successes and failures of connectionist models of learning and memory.

@article{McClelland1995WhyTA,
  title={Why there are complementary learning systems in the hippocampus and neocortex: insights from the successes and failures of connectionist models of learning and memory.},
  author={James L. McClelland and Bruce L. McNaughton and Randall C. O’Reilly},
  journal={Psychological review},
  year={1995},
  volume={102 3},
  pages={
          419-457
        }
}
Damage to the hippocampal system disrupts recent memory but leaves remote memory intact. The account presented here suggests that memories are first stored via synaptic changes in the hippocampal system, that these changes support reinstatement of recent memories in the neocortex, that neocortical synapses change a little on each reinstatement, and that remote memory is based on accumulated neocortical changes. Models that learn via changes to connections help explain this organization. These… 

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