Why the Move to Free Trade? Democracy and Trade Policy in the Developing Countries

  title={Why the Move to Free Trade? Democracy and Trade Policy in the Developing Countries},
  author={Helen V. Milner and Keiko Kubota},
  journal={International Organization},
  pages={107 - 143}
Rising international trade flows are a primary component of globalization. The liberalization of trade policy in many developing countries has helped foster the growth of these flows. Preceding and concurrent with this move to free trade, there has been a global movement toward democracy. We argue that these two trends are related: democratization of the political system reduces the ability of governments to use trade barriers as a strategy for building political support. Political leaders in… 
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