Why study the evolution of immunity?

  title={Why study the evolution of immunity?},
  author={Gary W. Litman and Max D. Cooper},
  journal={Nature Immunology},
The beginning of life on Earth with single-cell organisms more than 3.5 billion years ago and the much later development of multicellular organisms ensured continuous interaction between the diverse species, both cooperative and fiercely competitive in nature. The need for self-defense in the ongoing struggle for survival inevitably led to the evolutionary refinement of intricate immune systems, including the adaptive immune system. At a time when much-needed knowledge about the molecular and… CONTINUE READING


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Nature Immunology Volume 8 Number 6 June 2007

  • D. M. Langenau
  • Zon, L.I. Nat. Rev. Immunol
  • 2005

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