Why don’t you feel how I feel? Insight into the absence of empathy after severe Traumatic Brain Injury

  title={Why don’t you feel how I feel? Insight into the absence of empathy after severe Traumatic Brain Injury},
  author={Arielle de Sousa and Skye McDonald and Jacqueline Rushby and Sophie H. Li and Aneta Dimoska and Charlotte James},

Changes in emotional empathy, affective responsivity, and behavior following severe traumatic brain injury

The results represent the first to suggest that level of emotional empathy post traumatic brain injury may be associated with behavioral manifestations of disorders of drive and control.

Empathy for people with similar experiences: Can the perception-action model explain empathy impairments after traumatic brain injury?

The results suggest that intact cognitive functioning and physiological responses are not necessary for normal experiences of empathy after TBI, and that the PAM has relevance with respect to explaining self-reported empathy for the experiences of others, but cannot explain the role of physiological responses associated with empathy.

Subjective emotional experience and physiological responsivity to posed emotions in people with traumatic brain injury.

Normal subjective responses were found in the context of reduced psychophysiological responding to the posed expressions, suggesting that another mechanism can contribute to normal feedback effects after TBI.

Impaired emotional contagion following severe traumatic brain injury.

Emotional Regulation Impairments Following Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: An Investigation of the Body and Facial Feedback Effects

TBI appears to impair the ability to recognize both the physical configuration of a negative emotion and its associated subjective feeling, as seen in adults who had suffered from a severe traumatic brain injury.

Using self-report measures such as the Balanced Emotional Empathy Scale

Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) leads to physical, neuropsychological, and emotional deficits that interfere with the individual’s capacity to return to his or her former lifestyle. This review

Relationships Between Alexithymia, Affect Recognition, and Empathy After Traumatic Brain Injury

Results suggest that people who have a tendency to avoid thinking about emotions are more likely to have problems recognizing others' emotions and assuming others' points of view.

Sex-Based Differences in Affective and Cognitive Empathy Following Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

This study suggests this advantage of typically observed superior female empathy may disappear after a TBI, and possibly result in a disadvantage compared to their uninjured female peers.

Measuring Affective Processes In Traumatic Brain Injury

Self-reported measures were also associated with overall performance on measures of affective processing, and the effect of valence appears to be domain specific and research within one domain may not generalize to other cognitive-affective processes.

Affect recognition, empathy, and dysosmia after traumatic brain injury.




Loss of emotional experience after traumatic brain injury: findings with the startle probe procedure.

The authors used affective modulation of the eyeblink startle response to examine the impact of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on emotional reactions to pictures. Participants were 13 individuals with

Inability to empathize following traumatic brain injury

A high proportion of TBI patients lack the ability to empathize, but the deficit does not appear related to any specific cognitive impairment and cannot be predicted by measures of affect.

Alexithymia and emotional empathy following traumatic brain injury

The results suggest an inverse relationship between alexithymia and emotional empathy, with significant moderate negative correlations found between TAS-20 and BEES scores, with TAs-20 total scores accounting for a significant amount of variance in BEes scores.

Automatic mimicry reactions as related to differences in emotional empathy.

Differences between subjects high and low in emotional empathy appeared to be related to differences in automatic somatic reactions to facial stimuli rather than to Differences in their conscious interpretation of the emotional situation.

The functional architecture of human empathy.

A model of empathy that involves parallel and distributed processing in a number of dissociable computational mechanisms is proposed and may be used to make specific predictions about the various empathy deficits that can be encountered in different forms of social and neurological disorders.

Recognition of emotion from facial expression following traumatic brain injury

People with TBI were found to be significantly impaired on expression labelling and matching, but experienced some improvement when provided with context, and negative emotions were particularly affected.

Characterization of Empathy Deficits following Prefrontal Brain Damage: The Role of the Right Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex

The findings suggest that prefrontal structures play an important part in a network mediating the empathic response and specifically that the right ventromedial cortex has a unique role in integrating cognition and affect to produce the empathy response.