Why don’t you feel how I feel? Insight into the absence of empathy after severe Traumatic Brain Injury

@article{Sousa2010WhyDY,
  title={Why don’t you feel how I feel? Insight into the absence of empathy after severe Traumatic Brain Injury},
  author={Arielle de Sousa and Skye McDonald and Jacqueline Rushby and Sophie H. Li and Aneta Dimoska and Charlotte James},
  journal={Neuropsychologia},
  year={2010},
  volume={48},
  pages={3585-3595}
}
Empathy for people with similar experiences: Can the perception-action model explain empathy impairments after traumatic brain injury?
TLDR
The results suggest that intact cognitive functioning and physiological responses are not necessary for normal experiences of empathy after TBI, and that the PAM has relevance with respect to explaining self-reported empathy for the experiences of others, but cannot explain the role of physiological responses associated with empathy.
Subjective emotional experience and physiological responsivity to posed emotions in people with traumatic brain injury.
TLDR
Normal subjective responses were found in the context of reduced psychophysiological responding to the posed expressions, suggesting that another mechanism can contribute to normal feedback effects after TBI.
Impaired emotional contagion following severe traumatic brain injury.
Preserved rapid conceptual processing of emotional expressions despite reduced neuropsychological performance following traumatic brain injury.
TLDR
Reduced empathy in people with TBI may be explained by processes downstream of the initial rapid conceptual processing of emotional information, such as flexibly attending and responding to this information in a goal-directed manner in complex environments.
Using self-report measures such as the Balanced Emotional Empathy Scale
Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) leads to physical, neuropsychological, and emotional deficits that interfere with the individual’s capacity to return to his or her former lifestyle. This review
Relationships Between Alexithymia, Affect Recognition, and Empathy After Traumatic Brain Injury
TLDR
Results suggest that people who have a tendency to avoid thinking about emotions are more likely to have problems recognizing others' emotions and assuming others' points of view.
Measuring Affective Processes In Traumatic Brain Injury
TLDR
Self-reported measures were also associated with overall performance on measures of affective processing, and the effect of valence appears to be domain specific and research within one domain may not generalize to other cognitive-affective processes.
Spontaneous and posed emotional facial expressions following severe traumatic brain injury
TLDR
Patients with TBI are impaired at expressing sad expressions either spontaneously or deliberately, which may reflect difficulties in the initiation or suppression of facial expression as well as an impaired semantic knowledge of the facial configuration of sad expression.
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