Why does social exclusion hurt? The relationship between social and physical pain.

  title={Why does social exclusion hurt? The relationship between social and physical pain.},
  author={Geoff Macdonald and Mark R. Leary},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={131 2},
The authors forward the hypothesis that social exclusion is experienced as painful because reactions to rejection are mediated by aspects of the physical pain system. The authors begin by presenting the theory that overlap between social and physical pain was an evolutionary development to aid social animals in responding to threats to inclusion. The authors then review evidence showing that humans demonstrate convergence between the 2 types of pain in thought, emotion, and behavior, and… 

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