Why do we want the right to die? A systematic review of the international literature on the views of patients, carers and the public on assisted dying

@article{Hendry2013WhyDW,
  title={Why do we want the right to die? A systematic review of the international literature on the views of patients, carers and the public on assisted dying},
  author={Maggie Hendry and Diana Pasterfield and Ruth Lewis and Ben Carter and Daniel Hodgson and Clare Wilkinson},
  journal={Palliative Medicine},
  year={2013},
  volume={27},
  pages={13 - 26}
}
Background: Assisted dying is legal in four European countries and three American states. Elsewhere, particularly in more affluent or mainly Protestant countries, it remains controversial. Dominant headlines feature professional (medical, legal, religious) arguments versus celebrity campaigners; ordinary people are less clearly represented. Aim: To synthesise the international evidence of people’s views and attitudes towards assisted dying in order to inform current debate about this… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Why do older people oppose physician-assisted dying? A qualitative study

The study suggests that how some older individuals think about physician-assisted dying is strongly influenced by their past experiences of dying and death, and that such practices could come to be abused by others.

The euthanasia debate: synthesising the evidence on New Zealander's attitudes

ABSTRACT New Zealand is considering a change in law to permit euthanasia and/or assisted dying (EAD). We reviewed 20 years of research to investigate New Zealanders’ attitudes towards EAD, including

Research priorities relating to the debate on assisted dying: what do we still need to know? Results of a modified Delphi technique

Research questions with the highest levels of consensus were predominantly concerned with understanding how and why people make end-of-life decisions, and which factors influence those decisions.

Common dedication to facilitating good dying experiences: Qualitative study of end-of-life care professionals’ attitudes towards voluntary assisted dying

Common dedication to reducing suffering and facilitating good dying experiences exists among experts despite their divergent views on voluntary assisted dying, and Ongoing engagement with stakeholders is needed for practical resolution.

Attitudes and Arguments in the Voluntary Assisted Dying Debate in Australia: What Are They and How Have They Evolved Over Time?

The examination of available data showed that VAD has enjoyed significant public support from Australians over time and that the arguments in the VAD debate in Australia have been consistent over time.

A Systematic Review of Stakeholder Perspectives of Dignity and Assisted Dying.

UK Public’s Views and Perceptions About the Legalisation of Assisted Dying and Assisted Suicide

Public opinion needs to be further accounted for in policymaking and discourses regarding patient autonomy and dignity of care, according to empirical data from a cross-sectional study in the UK in 2019.

“An indelible mark” the response to participation in euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide among doctors: A review of research findings

This review aimed to examine the published evidence regarding the response of doctors who have participated in E/PAS and highlight the need to address the responses and impact on clinicians, and the support for clinicians as they navigate this challenging area.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES

Attitudes of UK doctors towards euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide: a systematic literature review.

UK doctors appear to oppose the introduction of AVE and PAS, even when one considers the methodological limitations of included studies, and degree of religiosity appeared as a statistically significant factor in influencing doctors' attitudes.

Applying systematic review methods to studies of people’s views: an example from public health research

The benefits of bringing together views studies in a systematic way included gaining a greater breadth of perspectives and a deeper understanding of public health issues from the point of view of those targeted by interventions.

‘We are (not) the master of our body’: elderly Jewish women's attitudes towards euthanasia and assisted suicide

An interplay between ethical attitudes on euthanasia and religious convictions is revealed, with the image one has of a transcendental reality, or of God, has a stronger effect on one's (dis)approval of euthanasia than being (ir)religious.

US physicians' attitudes concerning euthanasia and physician-assisted death: A systematic literature review

A systematic literature review of research studies regarding physicians' attitudes on euthanasia in the United States between 1991 and 2000 revealed that doctors' opinions towards PAD and AVE varied, although with more favorable responses to PAD.

What people close to death say about euthanasia and assisted suicide: a qualitative study

Qualitative research conducted on people who know they are nearing death is an important addition to the international debate on euthanasia and assisted suicide.

A comparative study on permissiveness toward euthanasia: Religiosity, slippery slope, autonomy, and death with dignity

This study explores explanations for the approval of euthanasia by assessing differences among individuals and countries, using four main arguments used by opponents and proponents in the public

Attitudes of People with Disabilities toward Physician-Assisted Suicide Legislation: Broadening the Dialogue

In-depth, qualitative interviews with physically disabled residents of the San Francisco Bay Area revealed a wide breadth of opinions about and attitudes toward PAS legislation, seen as reinforcing the need for the public health community to become more engaged in this central ethical debate.

Relatives' Perspective on the Terminally Ill Patients Who Died after Euthanasia or Physician-Assisted Suicide: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Interview Study in the Netherlands

This study used retrospective interviews with 87 relatives to describe the experiences of patients who died by euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (EAS) in the Netherlands. Most of the patients

Attitudes of cancer patients, their family members and health professionals toward active euthanasia.

The results of this study support the assumption given in the earlier literature that attitudes toward active euthanasia are most positive where terminally ill cancer patients are concerned.