Why do thylakoid membranes from higher plants form grana stacks?

@article{Trissl1993WhyDT,
  title={Why do thylakoid membranes from higher plants form grana stacks?},
  author={H. W. Trissl and Christian R Wilhelm},
  journal={Trends in biochemical sciences},
  year={1993},
  volume={18 11},
  pages={415-9}
}
Chloroplasts contain a system of membrane sacs, the thylakoids, some of which are stacked to form grana (singular, granum), whereas others float freely in the stroma. It is on the thylakoid membranes that the electron carriers necessary for photosynthesis reside. There has been continuous speculation and discussion about the function of the grana ever since Menke postulated their lamellar nature in 1939. On the basis of new insights into the biophysics of the two photosystems and the molecular… CONTINUE READING

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