Why do so many flour beetle copulations fail?

@article{Tyler2013WhyDS,
  title={Why do so many flour beetle copulations fail?},
  author={F. Tyler and T. Tregenza},
  journal={Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata},
  year={2013},
  volume={146}
}
Copulations that fail to result in fertilisations are common across a broad range of species, and remain enigmatic given the inherent costs that are being paid by both partners. The determinants of failures are varied and can take effect before, during, or after copulating. In the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), population estimates of copulations failing to result in fertilisations as high as 55% have been reported, suggesting that the causes of… Expand
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