Why do people need self-esteem? A theoretical and empirical review.

@article{Pyszczynski2004WhyDP,
  title={Why do people need self-esteem? A theoretical and empirical review.},
  author={T. Pyszczynski and J. Greenberg and S. Solomon and J. Arndt and J. Schimel},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={2004},
  volume={130 3},
  pages={
          435-68
        }
}
Terror management theory (TMT; J. Greenberg, T. Pyszczynski, & S. Solomon, 1986) posits that people are motivated to pursue positive self-evaluations because self-esteem provides a buffer against the omnipresent potential for anxiety engendered by the uniquely human awareness of mortality. Empirical evidence relevant to the theory is reviewed showing that high levels of self-esteem reduce anxiety and anxiety-related defensive behavior, reminders of one's mortality increase self-esteem striving… Expand

Paper Mentions

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Research on self-esteem has focused almost exclusively on level of trait self-esteem to the neglect of other potentially more important aspects such as the contingencies on which self-esteem isExpand
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TLDR
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Publisher Summary This chapter demonstrates the ways in which consideration of both level and stability of self-esteem can provide a vehicle for reconciling these differing views. The chapterExpand
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TLDR
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