Why did the League of Nations fail?

  title={Why did the League of Nations fail?},
  author={Jari Eloranta},
Why did the League of Nations ultimately fail to achieve widespread disarmament, its most fundamental goal? This article shows that the failure of the League of Nations had two important dimensions: (1) the failure to provide adequate security guarantees for its members (like an alliance); (2) the failure of this organization to achieve the disarmament goals it set out in the 1920s and 1930s. Thus, it was doomed from the outset to fail, due to built-in institutional contradictions. It can also… 

The Wartime Experience of the League of Nations, 1939-47

This thesis explores the wartime experience of the League of Nations. It analyses the League’s ability to serve as a touchstone for international political, economic and social cooperation in a

Balancing in Neorealism

Does neorealism offer a convincing account of great power balancing behavior? Many scholars argue that it does not. This conclusion rests on a misunderstanding of neorealist theory and an erroneous

Making their voices heard: Expressions of world opinion to the League of Nations during the Italo-Ethiopian Dispute (1934-1938)

by Cherri Reni Wemlinger, Ph.D. Washington State University August 2012 Chairs: Heather Streets-Salter and Ray Sun In December 1934 a frontier skirmish between the Italians and Ethiopians at Walwal

“The World is Bigger than Five”: A Salutary Manifesto of Turkey’s New International Outlook

President Erdoğan has expressed his objection to the current structure of the UN with the motto “the world is bigger than five.” The international systemic root of this objection is the failure of

Mutations of the emerging new globalization in the post-COVID-19 era: beyond Rodrik’s trilemma

ABSTRACT Today’s tensions and challenges at the global governance level seem to constitute structural expressions of the global system’s mutations towards the post-COVID-19 era. This study examines

Cliometric Approaches to War

  • J. Eloranta
  • History, Economics
    Handbook of Cliometrics
  • 2019
This article is a review of the many perspectives from history, political science, sociology, and economics that economic historians have applied to the study of war. Here I first review some of the

On climate order: a policy brief

  • Rui Feng
  • Political Science
  • 2022
Background: Climate change, largely triggered by human-induced greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions, seems unstoppable. There was a strong rebound of anthropogenic emissions of CO2, the preponderant GHG

On climate order: a policy brief [version 1; peer review: awaiting peer review]

Background: Climate change, largely triggered by human-induced greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions, seems unstoppable. There was a strong rebound of anthropogenic emissions of CO 2 , the preponderant

Where are we now in Cliometrics

»Kliometrie: wo stehen wir heute?«. That cliometrics is an indispensable tool in the study of economic history is no longer a very controversial statement. It is now generally agreed that economic

Review of periodical literature published in 2011

Review of periodical literature published in 2011 about the economic and social history of Britain and Ireland in 1500-1700



The Lloyd George Government and the Creation of the League of Nations

THE PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE of 1919 witnessed the birth of the world's first great international organization for peace, security, and cooperation. From the perspective of a half century, the creation

From the great illusion to the Great War: Military spending behaviour of the Great Powers, 1870 1913

The purpose of this article is to re-evaluate the military spending dynamics leading to the First World War, namely to explore the impact of the declining military and economic leadership of the UK

An economic theory of alliances

Abstract : The report presents a new theoretical model of military alliances and other international organizations. The assumptions basic to the model are that nations act in their own best interests

On the Economic Theory of Alliances

It is the purpose of this article to extend and to clarify the public goods approach to the study of alliances. In particular, the paper examines the nature of defense as a pure public good and draws

The Political Economy of Scandinavian Neutrality

The article examines whether three of the neutral nations of Eu rope (Sweden, Switzerland and Finland) have adhered to their choice of armed neu trality by being self-reliant on their own defenses.

The Quest for stability : problems of West European security, 1918-1957

Part 1 The peace and security order of Versailles: the transformation of the international system - from the Berlin congress (1978) to the Paris peace treaty (1919-1920), K. Hildebrand the league of

The rise and fall of the great powers : economic change and military conflict from 1500 to 2000

Paul Kennedy's international bestseller is a sweeping account of five hundred years of fluctuating economic muscle and military might among the great powers of the world. Kennedy begins with Europe's

The European Dictatorships 1918-1945

In the early 1920s most of Europe's twenty-eight states could be described as parliamentary democracies. By the end of 1938 no fewer than sixteen of these democracies had succumbed to dictatorships,

The Political Economy of NATO

Using simple economic methods while accounting for political and institutional factors, this book puts forward a political economy viewpoint of NATO's current status and its future prospects. A

Measuring the Concentration of Power in the International System

The purpose of this paper is to examine some earlier efforts to measure the inequality of distribution within several different substantive contexts and to see how appropriate these different