Why are Some People (and Countries) More Protectionist than Others?

@article{Mayda2001WhyAS,
  title={Why are Some People (and Countries) More Protectionist than Others?},
  author={Anna Maria Mayda and Dani Rodrik},
  journal={International Trade eJournal},
  year={2001}
}
We analyse a rich cross-country data set that contains information on attitudes toward trade as well as a broad range of socio-demographic, and other, indicators. We find that pro-trade preferences are significantly and robustly correlated with an individual's level of human capital, in the manner predicted by the factor endowments model. Preferences over trade are also correlated with the trade exposure of the sector in which an individual is employed: individuals in non-traded sectors tend to… 
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