Why and When Hierarchy Impacts Team Effectiveness: A Meta-Analytic Integration

  title={Why and When Hierarchy Impacts Team Effectiveness: A Meta-Analytic Integration},
  author={L. L. Greer and Bart de Jong and M. Schouten and Jennifer E Dannals},
  journal={Journal of Applied Psychology},
Hierarchy has the potential to both benefit and harm team effectiveness. In this article, we meta-analytically investigate different explanations for why and when hierarchy helps or hurts team effectiveness, drawing on results from 54 prior studies (N = 13,914 teams). Our findings show that, on net, hierarchy negatively impacts team effectiveness (performance: &rgr; = −.08; viability: &rgr; = −.11), and that this effect is mediated by increased conflict-enabling states. Additionally, we show… Expand

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