Why Settle Down? The Mystery of Communities

@article{Balter1998WhySD,
  title={Why Settle Down? The Mystery of Communities},
  author={Michael Balter},
  journal={Science},
  year={1998},
  volume={282},
  pages={1442 - 1442}
}
  • M. Balter
  • Published 20 November 1998
  • History
  • Science
THE FIRST CITIESA‡ATALHA–YAœK, TURKEY-- This 9000-year-old settlement in Anatolia was once hailed as the earliest city, with a population of 10,000, shared institutions, a division of labor, and a reliance on agriculture. But a meticulous new excavation of the site, being conducted by a team including on-site specialists in human and animal remains, fossil plants, pottery, and stone tools, is challenging the long-held assumption that the first settlements and the transition to agriculture were… 

A history of agricultural production at Neolithic Çatalhöyük East, Turkey

A history of agricultural production is proposed for Neolithic Çatalhöyük East, central Turkey, using archaeobotanical, environmental, population and settlement studies. In the aceramic early phase

Extraordinary Cities: early ‘City-ness’ and the origins of agriculture and states

I explore the ramifications of applying some recent research on cities, built on the work of Jane Jacobs, to early city development. A communications approach to ‘city ness’ is offered as a way of

Plant Evolution and the Origin of Crop Species, Second Edition

TLDR
Fruits of Oceania treats in detail 50 species of indigenous fruits, with a tabular summary presented at the back of the volume for 157 species (including the 50 covered in the text) that are eaten on islands between New Guinea and the Cook Islands.

Wild plant seed storage at Neolithic Çatalhöyük East, Turkey

TLDR
Analysis of eight seed samples collected in the 1960's excavations at Neolithic Çatalhöyük East, Turkey, demonstrates that wild seed exploitation was a regular part of subsistence practice alongside the economic staple of crop production, and demonstrates how diverse plant use practices were at the site.

Cities in Transitions and Transformations: Exploring a Jacobsean Approach to Macro-Social Change

We are, it seems, condemned to live in interesting times. The key word that has emerged to describe our contemporary condition is globalization. A highly contested concept, its spatial meaning is

The Major Transitions in the History of Human Transformation of the Biosphere

The aim of this interdisciplinary review is to provide a new framework for the research in the history of human transformation of the biosphere. It focuses on the major transitions, which resulted in

M3058-TAYLOR 9781781954805 PRINT.indd

Let me start with an admission: the main title of this book is a non sequitur. I do not want to mislead readers who might expect a text on a few exceptional cities. My ‘extraordinary cities’ does not

Griddles, Ovens, and Agricultural Origins: An Ethnoarchaeological Study of Bread Baking in Highland Ethiopia

An ethnoarchaeological study of highland Ethiopian griddle technology is compared to bread-baking technologies in Africa and the Near East. There is a functional relationship between the use of ovens

The Evolution of Nervous Systems

TLDR
The process of evolution offers the principles required to make sense of life on Earth by gradually improving the capacity of the nervous system to evaluate various options: arthropods, molluscs, and vertebrates.

The psychological foundations of culture

TLDR
This chapter discusses the Foundations of Culture: An Introduction, which aims to clarify the role of language, Cognition, and Reality in the development of culture and describes how individual goals shape collective Norms.