Why Low Levels of Democracy Promote Corruption and High Levels Diminish It

  title={Why Low Levels of Democracy Promote Corruption and High Levels Diminish It},
  author={Kelly M. McMann and Brigitte Seim and Jan Teorell and Staffan I. Lindberg},
  journal={Political Research Quarterly},
  pages={893 - 907}
Theory predicts democracy should reduce corruption. Yet, scholars have found that while corruption is low at high levels of democracy, it is high at modest levels, as well as low when democracy is absent. A weakness of studies that aim to explain this inverted curvilinear relationship is that they do not disaggregate the complex concepts of democracy and corruption. By contrast, this paper disaggregates both. We demonstrate that the curvilinear relationship results from the collective impact of… 

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