Why Lions Form Groups: Food is Not Enough

@article{Packer1990WhyLF,
  title={Why Lions Form Groups: Food is Not Enough},
  author={Craig Packer and D. Scheel and Anne E. Pusey},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={1990},
  volume={136},
  pages={1 - 19}
}
Extensive observations of foraging female lions reveal that two group sizes maximize foraging success during the season of prey scarcity: one female and five or six females. Foraging success does not vary significantly with group size when prey is abundant. Female lions live in fission-fusion social units (prides) and forage only with members of their own pride. If lion grouping patterns were primarily related to group-size-specific feeding efficiency, females in prides containing fewer than… Expand
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