Why Is Social Isolation Among Older Adults Associated with Depressive Symptoms? The Mediating Role of Out-of-Home Physical Activity

  title={Why Is Social Isolation Among Older Adults Associated with Depressive Symptoms? The Mediating Role of Out-of-Home Physical Activity},
  author={Florian Herbolsheimer and Nadine Ungar and Richard Peter},
  journal={International Journal of Behavioral Medicine},
BackgroundSocial networks are known to be a key factor associated with late-life depression. However, there is limited knowledge about the pathways linking social isolation to mental health. It has been proposed that health-related behaviors such as physical activity represent one pathway. This study examines the way out-of-home physical activity mediates between social isolation and depressive symptoms in older adults.MethodsA subsample of 334 older adults from the ActiFE Ulm study, Germany… 
Measuring Social Engagement among Low-Income, Depressed Homebound Older Adults: Validation of the Social Engagement and Activities Questionnaire
Evidence of validity for the use of the SEAQ to assess social engagement and activities among low-income, depressed homebound older adults is provided.
Social connectedness as a determinant of mental health: A scoping review
Public health and epidemiologic research have established that social connectedness promotes overall health. Yet there have been no recent reviews of findings from research examining social
Depressive symptoms and associated factors in residents living in long-term care facilities from the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte
The results of this study suggest that more attention should be directed to older adults living in LTCF who have symptoms of depression and to their impacts on the negative self-rated health.
Latent class analysis of loneliness and connectedness in US young adults during COVID‐19
Abstract Objective The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) pandemic in the United States has exacerbated a number of mental health conditions and problems related to prolonged social isolation. While
  • I. Vitalia
  • Psychology
    Current Trends in Natural Sciences
  • 2020
Evidence suggests that social isolation and loneliness have became major problems in many countries around the world. Given the numerous physical, mental health problems and economic negative
Active Ageing in The Community. Exploring the Role of Community Activity Groups for Older Adults for Physical Activity, Health and Wellbeing
The proportion of older adults (60+ years) globally, is predicted to more than double between 2017 and 2050. Ageing is often associated with declining health and physical capacity, but has the
The Effectiveness of an Active Learning Program in Promoting a Healthy Lifestyle among Older Adults with Low Health Literacy: A Randomized Controlled Trial
The intervention group demonstrated a significant improvement in communicative health literacy, step count, engagement in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, dietary variety, life-space mobility, social network size, grip strength, gait speed, and depressive symptoms.


Relationship between Social Isolation and Indoor and Outdoor Physical Activity in Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Germany: Findings from the ActiFE Study
The findings suggest the need for a more nuanced assessment of non-kin networks and a differentiated analysis of the locations in which physical activity is done in order to understand how social isolation affects everyday physical activity.
Physical activity, social network type, and depressive symptoms in late life: An analysis of data from the National Social Life, Health and Aging Project
The results show that older American adults embedded in family network types are at risk of limited physical activity, and interventions aimed to increase their engagement in physical activity might help to reduce depressive symptoms within this group.
Neighborhood Social Cohesion and Depressive Symptoms Among Latinos: Does Use of Community Resources for Physical Activity Matter?
BACKGROUND Greater neighborhood social cohesion is linked to fewer depressive symptoms and greater physical activity, but the role of physical activity on the relationship between neighborhood social
Physical activity and depressive symptoms in older adults: 11-year follow-up.
Structural relationships between social activities and longitudinal trajectories of depression among older adults.
Assessing involvement in multiple social activities is important when using social activities to prevent and treat depression, and specific activities of volunteering and exercise, self-perception of social activity level as "enough," and a higher participation level pattern were associated with lower initial status and longitudinal changes in depression.
The association between social network relationships and depressive symptoms among older Americans: what matters most?
  • H. Litwin
  • Psychology
    International Psychogeriatrics
  • 2011
The results show that the structure of the network seems to matter more than the perceived quality of the ties as an indicator of depressive symptoms, and the composite network type variable stands out in capturing the differences in mental state.
The Role of Social Support and Self-Efficacy in Shaping the Leisure Time Physical Activity of Older Adults
Lack of social support and low self-efficacy are important barriers to regular exercise and physical activity. However, it is unclear whether these resources contribute significantly to CDC
The Impact of Physical Activity Interventions on Social IsolationAmong Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Review
The findings of this study demonstrate that group physical activity interventions could be used to decrease social isolation in the older community - dwelling population, however, these findings should be viewed with consideration of the inconsistent range of intervention parameters and different measurements for social isolation.
The association between social isolation and DSM-IV mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders: wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.
Social isolation is common in the United States and is associated with a higher risk of mental health problems, and the absence of close friends was associated with an increased risk of major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, social phobia, and generalized anxiety disorder.
Associations of depressive symptoms with regular leisure activity and family social support among Japanese workers.
Findings suggest regular leisure activity for men and women and family social support for men are independently associated with depressive symptoms, although a cross-sectional study does not determine which factors are determinants or consequences.