Why Is Benevolent Sexism Appealing?

@article{Connelly2012WhyIB,
  title={Why Is Benevolent Sexism Appealing?},
  author={Kathleen E Connelly and Martin Heesacker},
  journal={Psychology of Women Quarterly},
  year={2012},
  volume={36},
  pages={432 - 443}
}
Previous research suggests that benevolent sexism is an ideology that perpetuates gender inequality. But despite its negative consequences, benevolent sexism is a prevalent ideology that some even find attractive. To better understand why women and men alike might be motivated to adopt benevolent sexism, the current study tested system justification theory’s prediction that benevolent sexism might have a positive linkage to life satisfaction through increased diffuse system justification, or… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Allure of Sexism

Benevolent sexism functions to uphold gender inequality by expressing caring and reverent attitudes exclusively toward women. Do these subjective benefits lure women to endorse benevolent sexism? We

Not Minding the Gap: How Hostile Sexism Encourages Choice Explanations for the Gender Income Gap

Researchers have shown that prejudice encourages explanations for inequality that attribute stigmatized groups’ negative outcomes to internal-controllable causes. We extended this research by

Parental Sexism and its Relationship with Daughters’ Sexism, Self-esteem, and Career Aspirations

This thesis aims to bring together research in two areas of psychology: parent-daughter relationships and the theory of ambivalent sexism (Glick & Fiske, 1996, 2001b; Glick et al., 2000). Ambivalent

Better off Alone? Ambivalent Sexism Moderates the Association Between Relationship Status and Life Satisfaction Among Heterosexual Women and Men

Although being in a romantic relationship confers numerous benefits to well-being, research has yet to examine the possibility that ambivalent sexism moderates this association. Because benevolent

Negative consequence of benevolent sexism on efficacy and performance

Purpose – Previous research demonstrates the damaging effects of hostile sexism enacted towards women in the workplace. However, there is less research on the consequences of benevolent sexism: a

Experiences with Benevolent Sexism: Scale Development and Associations with Women’s Well-Being

Ambivalent sexism theory (Glick and Fiske 1996, 1997) suggests that sexism takes two forms: an overt hostility as well as a subtle benevolence. We examined benevolent sexist behaviors and developed a

Mars, Venus, or Earth? Sexism and the Exaggeration of Psychological Gender Differences

Few studies have examined how people perceive psychological gender differences despite the practical importance of these perceptions for everyday life. In three studies, we examined whether there is

The impact of sexism on leadership in female-male climbing dyads

We investigated how sexism affected leadership in mixed-gender alpine climbing-dyads. We asked whether benevolent sexism would impair, and hostile sexism would increase (as a form of resistance)

Benevolent and Hostile Sexism in Social Spheres: The Impact of Parents, School and Romance on Belgian Adolescents' Sexist Attitudes

The results indicate that social characteristics especially matter to explain the variation in benevolent sexist attitudes among girls and hostile sexism attitudes among boys.

Bro, foe, or ally? Measuring ambivalent sexism in political online reporters

ABSTRACT The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI) measures hostile (overt antagonism towards women) and benevolent (chivalry) sexism. Previous research shows that political ideology contributes to ASI.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 66 REFERENCES

An ambivalent alliance. Hostile and benevolent sexism as complementary justifications for gender inequality.

The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory, first validated in U.S. samples, has been administered to over 15,000 men and women in 19 nations and shows that women, as compared with men, consistently reject hostile sexism but often endorse benevolent sexism.

The burden of benevolent sexism: how it contributes to the maintenance of gender inequalities

This study (N = 235) examines the responses of male and female participants to information about the alleged endorsement of either hostile or benevolent sexist beliefs by a sample of either men or

Women's Benevolent Sexism as Reaction to Hostility

Grounded in the theory of ambivalent sexism, this study tested the speculation that women's benevolent sexist attitudes may be, in part, a self-protective response to environments they perceive as

Exposure to benevolent sexism and complementary gender stereotypes: consequences for specific and diffuse forms of system justification.

Results suggest that complementary stereotypes psychologically offset the one-sided advantage of any single group and contribute to an image of society in which everyone benefits through a balanced dispersion of benefits.

Beyond prejudice as simple antipathy: hostile and benevolent sexism across cultures.

These results challenge prevailing notions of prejudice as an antipathy in that BS (an affectionate, patronizing ideology) reflects inequality and is a cross-culturally pervasive complement to HS.

Insidious dangers of benevolent sexism: consequences for women's performance.

Four experiments found benevolent sexism to be worse than hostile sexism for women's cognitive performance and gender identification protected against hostile but not benevolent sexism.

Why are Benevolent Sexists Happier?

Research indicates that the endorsement of sexist ideology is linked to higher subjective wellbeing for both men and women. We examine gender differences in the rationalisations which drive this

Yet another dark side of chivalry: Benevolent sexism undermines and hostile sexism motivates collective action for social change.

It is demonstrated that exposing women to benevolent sexism decreases their engagement in collective action, whereas exposure to hostile sexism increases it, and results from Studies 3 and 4 support the causal chain described in the mediational models tested in Studies 1 and 2.

It's for Your Own Good: Benevolent Sexism and Women's Reactions to Protectively Justified Restrictions

By fusing benevolence with dominance, protective paternalism can lead women (especially those who are high on benevolent sexism) to accept restrictions.

Don't Rock the Boat: Women's Benevolent Sexism Predicts Fears of Marital Violence

We examined how Spanish women's benevolent sexism (a sex-role attitude) affects their perceptions of whether a hypothetical husband will feel threatened by a wife's success at work. In a social
...