Why Do World War II Veterans Earn More than Nonveterans?

  title={Why Do World War II Veterans Earn More than Nonveterans?},
  author={Joshua David Angrist and Alan B. Krueger},
  journal={Journal of Labor Economics},
  pages={74 - 97}
World War II veterans earn more than nonveterans in their cohort. We test whether the World War II veteran premium reflects nonrandom selection into the military of men with higher earnings potential. The estimation is based on the fact that from 1942 to 1947 priority for conscription was determined by date of birth. Information on individuals' dates of birth may therefore be used to construct instrumental variables for veteran status. Empirical results from the 1960, 1970, and 1980 censuses… Expand
An empirical assessment of the wage premium for American veterans of World War II
Abstract This paper examines U.S. census data from 1960 to 1980 to assess the relative wages of WWII veteran and non-veteran men. Our analysis reveals that a significant portion wage gap betweenExpand
Wages, Earnings, and Occupational Status: Did World War II Veterans Receive a Premium?
Abstract Over 16 million men served during World War II (WWII), and we know that veterans obtained more education and earned higher incomes than did non-veterans and that these premiums were moreExpand
Labor Market Earnings of Veterans: Is Time in the Military More Valuable or Less than is Civilian Experience?
We provide an updated assessment of the labor market experiences of veterans between 2005 and 2018, documenting three facts. First, we find that male and female veterans receive civilian earningsExpand
The World War II Veteran Advantage? A Lifetime Cross-Sectional Study of Social Status Attainment
The impact of military service on the status attainment of World War II veterans has been studied since the 1950s; however, the research has failed to come to any consensus with regard to their levelExpand
The doughboy premium: an empirical assessment of the relative wages of American veterans of World War I
Abstract This article examines 1940 US census data to assess the relative wages of World War I (WWI) veteran and nonveteran men. Our empirical analysis indicates a 3.6% wage premium for veterans,Expand
Military Service during the Vietnam Era: Were There Consequences for Subsequent Civilian Earnings?
Using longitudinal data gathered in the National Longitudinal Study of Young Men spanning the years from 1966 to 1981, I examine the relationship between military service and subsequent income earnedExpand
Did military service during World War I affect the economic status of American veterans?
Abstract I exploit discontinuous changes in the likelihood of military service induced by the transition between different registration regimes under the World War I draft to determine if wartimeExpand
The Effects of Mid-Career Military Enlistment on Civilian Career Prospects : Evidence from Australian World War II Volunteers
This paper uses the personnel records of employees entering an Australian bank between 1917 and 1927 to analyze the labor market consequences of career interruptions due to voluntary military serviceExpand
Estimating Earnings Differentials among Military Veterans
This thesis analyzes whether the decision to enter the military offers a different investment in human capital as indicated by the civilian earning of veterans. Using seven one month samples from theExpand
The Effects of World War II Military Service: Evidence from Australia
Outside of the United States, few studies have estimated the effects of World War II service. In Australia, general war-time conscription and minimal involvement in the Korean War led to large cohortExpand


The Civilian Earnings Experience of Vietnam - Era Veterans
In this paper we examine the civilian earnings experience of Vietnam-era veterans and nonveterans between 1968 and 1977. Contrary to the results of other studies indicating sizable premiums forExpand
Lifetime Earnings and the Vietnam Era Draft Lottery: Evidence from Social Security Administrative Records
Estimates of the effect of veteran status on civilian earnings may be biased by the fact that certain types of men are more likely to serve in the armed forces. In this paper, an estimation strategyExpand
Labor Force Status of Vietnam-Era Veterans.
A decade after the war's end, the labor force status of Vietnam-era veterans is generally quite similar to that of nonveterans . There are exceptions, however. Those who served in the Vietnam theaterExpand
Changes in Life-Cycle Earnings: What Do Social Security Data Show?.
A matched sample of Social Security and Current Population Survey records is used to examine life-cycle earnings patterns of white males over the 1951-1976 period. Estimated direct effects ofExpand
Education, Income, and Ability
Current estimates of the contribution of education to economic growth have been questioned because they ignore the interaction of education with ability. Whether the neglect of ability differences inExpand
Empirical Age-Earnings Profiles
The "human capital earnings function," in which earnings are expressed as a quadratic in potential experience, is probably the most widely accepted empirical specification in economics. In spite ofExpand
Alternative methods for evaluating the impact of interventions: An overview
Methods for estimating the impact of training on earnings when non-random selection characterizes the enrollment of persons into training are presented and the robustness of the estimators to choice-based sampling and contamination bias is examined. Expand
Evaluating the Econometric Evaluations of Training Programs with Experimental Data
This paper takes the results of an employment and training program thatwas run as a field experiment, in which the participants were randomlyassigned into a treatment or a control group, and comparesExpand
Does Compulsory School Attendance Affect Schooling and Earnings?
We establish that season of birth is related to educational attainment because of school start age policy and compulsory school attendance laws. Individuals born in the beginning of the year startExpand
Specification tests in econometrics
Using the result that under the null hypothesis of no misspecification an asymptotically efficient estimator must have zero asymptotic covariance with its difference from a consistent butExpand