Why Do Men Hunt?

@article{Gurven2009WhyDM,
  title={Why Do Men Hunt?},
  author={Michael D. Gurven and Kim R. Hill},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  year={2009},
  volume={50},
  pages={51 - 74}
}
  • M. Gurven, K. Hill
  • Published 1 February 2009
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Current Anthropology
The role of men in hunter‐gatherer societies has been subject to vigorous debate over the past 15 years. The proposal that men hunt wild game as a form of status signaling or “showing off” to provide reproductive benefits to the hunter challenges the traditional view that men hunt to provision their families. Two broad assumptions underlie the signaling view: (1) hunting is a poor means of obtaining food, and (2) hunted game is a public good shared widely with others and without expectation of… Expand
More Lessons from the Hadza about Men’s Work
TLDR
Two studies are compared, similarities are identified, and it is shown that emphasis on big game results in collective benefits that would not be supplied if men foraged mainly to provision their own households, with implications for hypotheses about the deeper past. Expand
Family Provisioning Is Not the Only Reason Men Hunt
Gurven and Hill (2009) ask, “Why do men hunt?” As they say, “The observation that men hunt and women gather supported the simplistic view of marriage as a cooperative enterprise. GreaterExpand
Moving beyond Stereotypes of Men's Foraging Goals
We concur with the title of the Hawkes, O’Connell, and Coxworth discussion, “Family provisioning is not the only reason men hunt” (Hawkes et al. 2010). We said so explicitly in our paper, and weExpand
To the hunter go the spoils? No evidence of nutritional benefit to being or marrying a well-reputed Hadza hunter.
TLDR
The absence of an association between hunting reputation and nutritional status is consistent with generalized food sharing and adds to a substantial corpus of existing research that identifies few nutritional advantages to being or marrying a well-reputed Hadza hunter. Expand
Costly signaling and the handicap principle in hunter‐gatherer research: A critical review
TLDR
Here a review of honest signaling theory in both hunter‐gatherer studies and zoology highlights three issues with the costly signaling literature in hunter‐gather studies: an overemphasis on the demonstration of realized costs, a lack of clear predictions about what specific qualities hunting actually signals, and an insufficient focus on the broadcast effectiveness of hunting and its value as a heuristics for signal recipients. Expand
Why do men seek status? Fitness payoffs to dominance and prestige
TLDR
Multivariate analysis suggests men are motivated to pursue status because of fitness gains both within and outside of marital unions: dominant and prestigious men have more in-pair surviving offspring as well as more extra-marital affairs. Expand
The Sexual Division of Labor
Many evolutionary arguments fossilize a human division of labor as one of man the hunter, and woman the gatherer, with differences in labor arising out of the effectiveness of efficiency. We suggestExpand
Natural cooperators: Food sharing in humans and other primates
TLDR
This work synthesizes available evidence on food sharing in humans and other primates, tracing the origins of offspring provisioning, mutualism, trade, and reciprocity throughout the primate order. Expand
Hypothetical rankings of prospective husbands for female kin in lowland Nicaragua: consensus analysis indicates high agreement and associations with wealth and hunting skill
In preindustrial societies, kin may exert influence on the mating choices of women, but there have been few systematic studies of the preferred characteristics of husbands for female kin. In anExpand
Household and Kin Provisioning by Hadza Men
TLDR
Family provisioning is a more viable explanation for why good hunters are preferred as husbands and have higher fertility than others, and a model of the relationship between hunting success and household food consumption indicates that the best hunters provided 3–4 times the amount of food to their families than median or poor hunters. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 174 REFERENCES
Why Women Hunt
An old anthropological theory ascribes gender differences in hunter‐gatherer subsistence to an economy of scale in household economic production: women pursue child‐care‐compatible tasks and men, ofExpand
Why do good hunters have higher reproductive success?
  • E. Smith
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Human nature
  • 2004
TLDR
The qualitative and quantitative evidence bearing on these explanations are examined and it is concluded that although none can be definitively rejected, extensive and apparently unconditional sharing of large game somewhat weakens the first three explanations. Expand
Cooperation and conflict: The behavioral ecology of the sexual division of labor
When it comes to subsistence, men and women in almost all societies do it differently. One long‐standing explanation for this sexual division of labor is that men and women pair up to provisionExpand
Hunting, social status and biological fitness
TLDR
Despite the impression that most of the benefits that accrue to good hunters are in the form of extra‐marital mating opportunities, it is argued instead that most benefits may be gained within rather than outside marital unions. Expand
Hadza meat sharing.
TLDR
Previously unpublished data from the Tanzanian Hadza are used to test hypotheses drawn from a simple version of the "sharing as exchange" argument, and an alternative based partly on the observation that a successful hunter does not control the distribution of his kill is elaborate. Expand
Why do men marry and why do they stray?
TLDR
Using data on men's extramarital sexual relationships among Tsimane forager–horticulturists in lowland Bolivia, it is found thatTsimane men appear to be biasing the timing of their affairs to when they are younger and have fewer children, supporting the provisioning model. Expand
Re-Thinking Great Basin Foragers: Prestige Hunting and Costly Signaling during the Middle Archaic Period
Over the last several decades, there has been an increasingly robust body of ethnographic research indicating that the sharing of meat is strongly linked to the fitness pursuits of individuals, whereExpand
Rousseau’s Whale Hunt?
In spite of its common use as a tool for examining cooperation, the prisoner’s dilemma game does not conform to the reality of many socio‐ecological contexts. Situations in which people engage inExpand
Can Anthropologists Distinguish Good and Poor Hunters? Implications for Hunting Hypotheses, Sharing Conventions, and Cultural Transmission
Numerous articles examine the relationship between men’s hunting skill and other important biological and social traits. We analyzed more than 14,000 hunter days during 27 years of monitoring theExpand
Why Hunter-Gatherers Work: An Ancient Version of the Problem of Public Goods [and Comments and Reply]
People who hunt and gather for a living share some resources more widely than others. A favored hypothesis to explain the differential sharing is that giving up portions of large, unpredictableExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...