Whole grain consumption and risk of ischemic stroke in women: A prospective study.

@article{Liu2000WholeGC,
  title={Whole grain consumption and risk of ischemic stroke in women: A prospective study.},
  author={S. Liu and J. Manson and M. Stampfer and K. Rexrode and F. Hu and E. Rimm and W. Willett},
  journal={JAMA},
  year={2000},
  volume={284 12},
  pages={
          1534-40
        }
}
CONTEXT Although increased intake of grain products has been recommended to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD), prospective data examining the relation of whole grain intake to risk of ischemic stroke are sparse, especially among women. [...] Key MethodDESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A prospective cohort of 75,521 US women aged 38 to 63 years without previous diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, stroke, or other CVDs in 1984, who completed detailed food frequency questionnaires (FFQs…Expand

Paper Mentions

Observational Clinical Trial
To determine the relationships of hormonal, reproductive, dietary, and lifestyle factors, as well as biochemical and genetic factors, with the subsequent risk of coronary heart disease… Expand
ConditionsAngina Pectoris, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cerebrovascular Accident, (+7 more)
Whole Grain Consumption and Risk of Ischemic Stroke: Results From 2 Prospective Cohort Studies
TLDR
Greater consumption of whole grain cold breakfast cereal and bran was significantly associated with a lower risk of ischemic stroke, and more studies are needed to replicate these associations between individual whole grain foods and risk of stroke among other populations. Expand
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A higher intake of dietary fiber was associated with a lower risk of CVD and MI, although the association was not statistically significant after further adjusting for multiple confounding factors. Expand
Whole- and refined-grain intakes and the risk of hypertension in women.
TLDR
Higher whole-grain intake was associated with a reduced risk of hypertension in middle-aged and older women, which suggests a potential role for increasing whole- grain intake in the primary prevention of hypertension and its cardiovascular complications. Expand
Prospective Study of Major Dietary Patterns and Stroke Risk in Women
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A dietary pattern typified by higher intakes of red and processed meats, refined grains, and sweets and desserts may increase stroke risk, whereas a diet higher in fruits and vegetables, fish, and whole grains may protect against stroke. Expand
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TLDR
Findings from this meta-analysis provide evidence to support beneficial effects of whole-grain intake on vascular disease prevention and potential mechanisms responsible for whole grains' effects on metabolic intermediates require further investigation in large intervention trials. Expand
Is intake of breakfast cereals related to total and cause-specific mortality in men?
TLDR
Both total mortality and CVD-specific mortality were inversely associated with whole-grain but not refined-grain breakfast cereal intake, and these findings persisted in analyses stratified by history of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and high cholesterol. Expand
Whole-grain intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective study in men.
TLDR
In men, a diet high in whole grains is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes in men that may be mediated by cereal fiber. Expand
Dietary fiber intake is inversely associated with stroke incidence in healthy Swedish adults.
TLDR
Findings indicate that intake of dietary fiber, especially fruit and vegetable fibers, is inversely associated with risk of stroke. Expand
Rice consumption is not associated with risk of cardiovascular disease morbidity or mortality in Japanese men and women: a large population-based, prospective cohort study.
TLDR
Rice consumption is not associated with risk of CVD morbidity or mortality in a Japanese population and there were no interactions with sex or effect modifications by body mass index for any endpoint. Expand
Whole grain intake and cardiovascular disease: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
There is a consistent, inverse association between dietary whole grains and incident cardiovascular disease in epidemiological cohort studies and policy-makers, scientists, and clinicians should redouble efforts to incorporate clear messages on the beneficial effects of whole grains into public health and clinical practice endeavors. Expand
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