Whole-Ecosystem Experiments: Replication Versus Realism: The Need for Ecosystem-Scale Experiments

@article{Schindler1998WholeEcosystemER,
  title={Whole-Ecosystem Experiments: Replication Versus Realism: The Need for Ecosystem-Scale Experiments},
  author={David W. Schindler},
  journal={Ecosystems},
  year={1998},
  volume={1},
  pages={323-334}
}
  • D. Schindler
  • Published 1 July 1998
  • Environmental Science
  • Ecosystems
ABSTRACT The results of bottle and mesocosm experiments were compared with those obtained in whole-ecosystem experiments at the Experimental Lakes Area. Unless they can be cleverly designed to mimic major ecosystem processes and community compositions, smaller-scale experiments often give highly replicable, but spurious, answers. Problems with appropriate scaling are difficult to deduce without direct comparisons with whole-ecosystem experiments. Reasons are many, but include inappropriate… 
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MICROCOSM EXPERIMENTS HAVE LIMITED RELEVANCE FOR COMMUNITY AND ECOSYSTEM ECOLOGY: REPLY
matures affects their adult fertility: population dynamics. American Naturalist 126:521-528. Ricklefs, R. E., and D. Schluter, editors. 1993. Species diversity in ecological communities. University
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