Who took the "x" out of expectancy-value theory? A psychological mystery, a substantive-methodological synergy, and a cross-national generalization.

@article{Nagengast2011WhoTT,
  title={Who took the "x" out of expectancy-value theory? A psychological mystery, a substantive-methodological synergy, and a cross-national generalization.},
  author={Benjamin Nagengast and Herbert W. Marsh and Laura Francesca Scalas and Man Kate Xu and Kit-Tai Hau and Ulrich Trautwein},
  journal={Psychological science},
  year={2011},
  volume={22 8},
  pages={
          1058-66
        }
}
Expectancy-value theory (EVT) is a dominant theory of human motivation. Historically, the Expectancy × Value interaction, in which motivation is high only if both expectancy and value are high, was central to EVT. However, the Expectancy × Value interaction mysteriously disappeared from published research more than 25 years ago. Using large representative samples of 15-year-olds (N = 398,750) from 57 diverse countries, we attempted to solve this mystery by testing Expectancy × Value… CONTINUE READING

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