Who selects the party leader?

@article{Cross2012WhoST,
  title={Who selects the party leader?},
  author={William Cross and Andr{\'e} Blais},
  journal={Party Politics},
  year={2012},
  volume={18},
  pages={127 - 150}
}
We study the degree of formal influence that rank-and-file members have on the selection of party leaders in the five English-speaking Westminster countries: Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. We find that in recent years there has been a general, though not universal, trend towards granting party members greater influence in the choice of their leader. We observe that the decision to broaden the selectorate has been made by most parties in the UK, Canada and… 

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