Who needs particles? A challenge to the classification of particles as a part of speech in Russian

  title={Who needs particles? A challenge to the classification of particles as a part of speech in Russian},
  author={Anna Endresen and Laura Alexis Janda and Robert Joshua Reynolds and Francis M. Tyers},
  journal={Russian Linguistics},
In 1985, Zwicky argued that ‘particle’ is a pretheoretical notion that should be eliminated from linguistic analysis. We propose a reclassification of Russian particles that implements Zwicky’s directive. Russian particles lack a coherent conceptual basis as a category and many are ambiguous with respect to part of speech. Our corpus analysis of Russian particles addresses theoretical questions about the cognitive status of parts of speech and practical concerns about how particles should be… Expand

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