Who is this "We"? Levels of collective identity and self representations.

@article{Brewer1996WhoIT,
  title={Who is this "We"? Levels of collective identity and self representations.},
  author={Marilynn B. Brewer and Wendi L. Gardner},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year={1996},
  volume={71},
  pages={83-93}
}
Cross-cultural perspectives have brought renewed interest in the social aspects of the self and the extent to which individuals define themselves in terms of their relationships to others and to social groups. This article provides a conceptual review of research and theory of the social self, arguing that the personal, relational, and collective levels of self-definition represent distinct forms of selfrepresentation with different origins, sources of self-worth, and social motivations. A set… Expand

Tables from this paper

A hierarchy within: on the motivational and emotional primacy of the individual self
Extend to someone the seemingly straightforward invitation "So, tell me about yourself," and prepare for a narrative barrage of traits, interests, roles, and relationships. To say the least, theExpand
Group Identities: The Social Identity Perspective
The concept of group identity, and its implications for the self and relation to others are addressed by the social identity approach within psychology. I review this approach, comprising socialExpand
Relational and Group Collective Self Responses to Observed Victimization Across Cultures
Mental representations of the “self” consist of both individual aspects (i.e., how one differs from other people) and collective aspects (i.e., how one relates to other people), with collectiveExpand
Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Identity
Substantial variations have been found in the ways in which individuals within different cultural groups identify themselves. Typically, members of individualistic national cultures perceiveExpand
Using Affirmation Theory to Further Understand the Distinction between the Individual Self and the Collective Self
Research in social psychology points to a discontinuity between the individual self and the collective self such that operating at the collective level of identity leads one to be more biased,Expand
9 Group Identities : The SocialIdentity Perspective
The concept of group identity, and its implications for the self and relation to others are addressed by the social identity approach within psychology. I review this approach, comprising socialExpand
Understanding the Relational Self
This study examines spontaneous social self-representations in two different cultures (the Netherlands and Greece) and among adults and early adolescents. A distinction between three levels of theExpand
The Evolving Nature of Self-Identity across Four Levels of History
  • D. Dien
  • Sociology
  • Human Development
  • 2000
Drawing upon Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development and current social constructionist perspective, self-identity is defined as a life story which is socially constructed and constantly beingExpand
Activation of Different Social Group Memberships Results in Different Emotional Experiences
One of the most powerful ideas in contemporary social psychology is that the self is defined largely in terms of group memberships. This idea is grounded in social identity theory (Tajfel & Turner,Expand
The relational self: an interpersonal social-cognitive theory.
The authors propose an interpersonal social-cognitive theory of the self and personality, the relational self, in which knowledge about the self is linked with knowledge about significant others, andExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 67 REFERENCES
Social psychology of identity and the self concept
This volume presents state-of-the-art reviews of social psychological theories and empirical research on the self-concept bringing together researchers from a variety of theoretical traditions toExpand
The Social Self: On Being the Same and Different at the Same Time
Mfost of social psychology's theories of the self fail to take into account the significance of social identification in the definition of self. Social identities are self-definitions that are moreExpand
A Collective Self-Esteem Scale: Self-Evaluation of One's Social Identity
Social identity theory as developed by Tajfel and Turner argues that there are two distinct aspects of the self-concept: personal identity and social identity (in American terminology, collectiveExpand
Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation.
People in different cultures have strikingly different construals of the self, of others, and of the interdependence of the 2. These construals can influence, and in many cases determine, the veryExpand
Self and Collective: Cognition and Social Context
The relationship between the self and the collective is discussed from the perspective of self-categorization theory. Self-categorization theory makes a basic distinction between personal and socialExpand
From self-conceptions to self-worth: on the sources and structure of global self-esteem.
  • B. Pelham, W. Swann
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1989
Three factors were identified that uniquely contribute to people's global self-esteem: (a) people's tendencies to experience positive and negative affective states, (b) people's specific self-viewsExpand
Unique individual or interchangeable group member? The accentuation of intragroup differences versus similarities as an indicator of the individual self versus the collective self
In 4 studies, the authors examined antecedents of self-definition as either a unique individual (the individual self) or an interchangeable group member (the collective self). Accentuation ofExpand
The Self and Social Behavior in Differing Cultural Contexts
Three aspects of the self(private, public, collective) with different probabilities in different kinds of social environments were sampled. Three dimensions of cultural variationExpand
Identity Orientations and Self-Interpretation
The revival of the self as a popular topic among personality, social, and developmental psychologists in the 1980s has focused renewed attention on the psychology of identity. This is a positiveExpand
Intergroup behaviour, self-stereotyping and the salience of social categories
Recent research (Hogg & Turner, 1985a, b) favours a social identity rather than group cohesiveness analysis of group behaviour and psychological group formation. It is argued that individualExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...