Who follows whom? Shoaling preferences and social learning of foraging information in guppies

@article{Lachlan1998WhoFW,
  title={Who follows whom? Shoaling preferences and social learning of foraging information in guppies},
  author={Robert F. Lachlan and Lucy Crooks and Kevin N. Laland},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={1998},
  volume={56},
  pages={181-190}
}
Preferences of fish for different types of shoals may influence the transmission of novel information through them. We investigated the factors influencing the preferences of guppies, Poecilia reticulata, for different shoals in order to shed some light on how information transmission occurs. Adult subjects were given a choice between swimming with two diverging shoals of conspecifics that differed with respect to key characteristics. In six choice experiments, subjects discriminated between… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Foraging benefits of shoaling with familiars may be exploited by outsiders
How strong are familiarity preferences in shoaling fish?
TLDR
The results indicate that preferences for familiar shoalmates are sufficient to offset defection to slightly larger groups, and how this may stabilize group composition in natural habitats is discussed.
Diet, familiarity and shoaling decisions in guppies
Interactions between shoal size and conformity in guppy social foraging
TLDR
How shoal size affects the foraging efficiency of laboratory populations of the guppy exposed to different foraging tasks is investigated, raising the possibility that novel behavioural innovations, particularly those that require individuals to break contact with the group, may be more likely to spread in smaller than larger groups of animals.
Association patterns and foraging behaviour in natural and artificial guppy shoals
The importance of stable schooling: do familiar sticklebacks stick together?
  • I. Barber, G. Ruxton
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 2000
TLDR
It is shown that fish from different familiarity groups associate with familiar conspecifics significantly more than predicted by a model of random assortment, suggesting that even when there is ample opportunity for inter–group transfer, shoal composition can remain stable.
The climbing perch (Anabas testudineus Bloch), a freshwater fish, prefers larger unfamiliar shoals to smaller familiar shoals
TLDR
The results show that given a choice, A. testudineus preferred to spend more time with a familiar group compared to an unfamiliar group of equal size, and the fish, however, preferred the larger group when two unfamiliar stimulus groups of different sizes were presented.
Shoaling Decisions in Angelfish: The Roles of Social Status and Familiarity
Past research has shown that angelfish, Pterophyllum scalare, are capable of discriminating between shoals composed of familiar dominant and subordinate companions, whereas they show no preference
Nutritional state influences shoaling preference for familiars.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES
Shoaling generates social learning of foraging information in guppies
TLDR
The results suggest that the tendency to shoal may facilitate a simple form of guided social learning, which allows guppies to learn about their local environments, and imply that selectively neutral behavioural alternatives may be maintained as traditions in aggregated animal populations by very simple social mechanisms.
Fish recognize and prefer to shoal with poor competitors
  • N. Metcalfe, B. C. Thomson
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1995
TLDR
It is shown for the first time that fish (European minnows) can discriminate between shoals composed of good and of poor competitors, which may explain the paradox of animals rapidly distribution themselves between foraging groups according to the predictions of the Ideal Free Distribution.
Body length variation within multi-species fish shoals: the effects of shoal size and number of species
TLDR
A more detailed analysis showed that the higher body length variation observed in multi-species shoals was due to increased bodylength variation both within and between component species.
SCHOOLING BEHAVIOR IN THE GUPPY (POECILIA RETICULATA): AN EVOLUTIONARY RESPONSE TO PREDATION
  • B. Seghers
  • Environmental Science
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1974
TLDR
This report presents a new source of evidence favoring an antipredator role for schooling in guppies from natural populations of a small tropical freshwater fish, the guppy, in the Northern Range Mountains of Trinidad, West Indies.
Cultural transmission of predator recognition in fishes: intraspecific and interspecific learning
TLDR
Individuals that live in groups may have the opportunity to learn to recognize unfamiliar predators by observing the fright responses of experienced individuals in the group by being alerted to the immediate presence of unfamiliar predators and learning to recognizing unfamiliar predators as a potential threat.
Transmission of Fright Reaction Between Different Species of Fish
TLDR
It is demonstrated that shoaling with Schreckstoff-sensitive cyprinids can provide a benefit for sticklebacks, which indicates that they can obtain information about a potential predator threat by monitoring the behaviour of the chub.
The influence of hunger, shoal size and predator presence on foraging in bluntnose minnows
  • M. J. Morgan
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Animal Behaviour
  • 1988
Traditionality of mating-site preferences in a coral reef fish
TLDR
Mating sites of the bluehead wrasse Thalassoma bifasciatum have remained in daily use over 12 years (four generations) without changing locations and it is shown that experimental replacement of entire local populations led to the use of new sites, which continued to be used after the manipulations.
Familiarity in schooling fish: how long does it take to acquire?
Abstract Previous work has demonstrated that fish prefer to school with familiar individuals. In this study schooling preferences for familiar female guppies,Poecilia reticulata, developed gradually
Reversal of female mate choice by copying in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata)
  • L. Dugatkin, J. Godin
  • Psychology, Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1992
TLDR
First direct evidence that a female’s preference for a particular male can in fact be reversed by social cues is reported, providing strong evidence for the role of non-genetic factors in sexual selection and underlie the need for new models of sexual selection that explicitly incorporate both genetic and cultural aspects of mate choice.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...