Who dares, wins

  title={Who dares, wins},
  author={Susan Kelly and Robin I. M. Dunbar},
  journal={Human Nature},
Heroism is apparently nonadaptive in Darwinian terms, so why does it exist at all? Risk-taking and heroic behavior are predominantly male tendencies, and literature and legend reflect this. This study explores the possibility that heroism persists in many human cultures owing to a female preference for risk-prone rather than risk-averse males as sexual partners, and it suggests that such a preference may be exploited as a male mating strategy. It also attempts to quantify the relative… 
Heroic Rescue in Humans
  • F. T. McAndrew
  • Psychology
    Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science
  • 2021
When defining altruism, social scientists usually focus on the intentions of the altruist, and their research has traditionally attempted to isolate the situational factors that determine when people
Who are the heroes? Characteristics of people who rescue others
Heroic rescuing behaviour is a male-typical trait in humans, and it is possible that life risking acts represent a costly signal, showing that a rescuing male has good underlying genetic quality.
Selflessness is sexy: reported helping behaviour increases desirability of men and women as long-term sexual partners
These results unite two important areas of evolutionary theory – social evolution and sexual selection – and extend the list of means by which helping behaviours, which appear at first glance to be costly to the actor, can in fact earn direct fitness benefits.
David and Wigby , Stuart and English , Sinead
Background: Despite its short-term costs, behaviour that appears altruistic can increase an individual’s inclusive fitness by earning direct (selfish) and/or indirect (kin-selected) benefits. An
Neither Daredevils Nor Wimps: Attitudes toward Physical Risk Takers as Mates
Farthing (2005) tested a prediction derived from costly-signaling theory, that women would prefer physical risk takers (brave, athletic, fit) over risk-avoiders as long-term mates. Using scenarios
Do humans prefer altruistic mates? Testing a link between sexual selection and altruism towards non-relatives.
A psychometric scale to measure mate preference towards altruistic traits (the MPAT scale) is developed and tested and the hypothesized link between human altruism towards non-relatives and sexual selection is tested.
Are Women’s Mate Preferences for Altruism Also Influenced by Physical Attractiveness?
Altruism plays a role in mate choice, particularly in women’s preferences and in long-term (LT) relationships. The current study analyzed how these preferences interacted with another important mate


The Evolution of Reciprocal Altruism
  • R. Trivers
  • Psychology
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1971
A model is presented to account for the natural selection of what is termed reciprocally altruistic behavior. The model shows how selection can operate against the cheater (non-reciprocator) in the
Father Absence and Reproductive Strategy: An Evolutionary Perspective
Explanations offered by social scientists for the effects of father absence on children are reviewed; certain aspects of these interpretations are found wanting. Another explanation using theory from
Showing off: Tests of an hypothesis about men's foraging goals
Sex differences in valuations of the environment?
Sexual selection theory affords a rationale for predicting that men, especially young men, may be more willing than women to risk harms and to discount the future in the pursuit of short-term gains.
Women's mating strategies
What does a woman want? The traditional evolutionist's answer to Freud's famous query is that a woman's extensive investment in each of her children implies that she can maximize her fitness by
The Handicap Principle: A Missing Piece of Darwin's Puzzle
The authors convincingly demonstrate that when an animal acts altruistically, it handicaps itself-assumes a risk or endures a sacrifice-not primarily to benefit its kin or social group but to increase its own prestige within the group and thus signal its status as a partner or rival.
Gender and patterns of sexual risk taking in college students
The role that gender plays in influencing the prevalence and patterns of sexual risk taking was examined in 245 college students from two samples (about 60% of whom were White, 20% Asian, 10% Black,