Who dares, wins

@article{Kelly2001WhoDW,
  title={Who dares, wins},
  author={Susan Kelly and Robin I. M. Dunbar},
  journal={Human Nature},
  year={2001},
  volume={12},
  pages={89-105}
}
Heroism is apparently nonadaptive in Darwinian terms, so why does it exist at all? Risk-taking and heroic behavior are predominantly male tendencies, and literature and legend reflect this. This study explores the possibility that heroism persists in many human cultures owing to a female preference for risk-prone rather than risk-averse males as sexual partners, and it suggests that such a preference may be exploited as a male mating strategy. It also attempts to quantify the relative… 
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These results unite two important areas of evolutionary theory – social evolution and sexual selection – and extend the list of means by which helping behaviours, which appear at first glance to be costly to the actor, can in fact earn direct fitness benefits.
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Neither Daredevils Nor Wimps: Attitudes toward Physical Risk Takers as Mates
Farthing (2005) tested a prediction derived from costly-signaling theory, that women would prefer physical risk takers (brave, athletic, fit) over risk-avoiders as long-term mates. Using scenarios
Do humans prefer altruistic mates? Testing a link between sexual selection and altruism towards non-relatives.
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A psychometric scale to measure mate preference towards altruistic traits (the MPAT scale) is developed and tested and the hypothesized link between human altruism towards non-relatives and sexual selection is tested.
Are Women’s Mate Preferences for Altruism Also Influenced by Physical Attractiveness?
Altruism plays a role in mate choice, particularly in women’s preferences and in long-term (LT) relationships. The current study analyzed how these preferences interacted with another important mate
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A model is presented to account for the natural selection of what is termed reciprocally altruistic behavior. The model shows how selection can operate against the cheater (non-reciprocator) in the
Father Absence and Reproductive Strategy: An Evolutionary Perspective
Explanations offered by social scientists for the effects of father absence on children are reviewed; certain aspects of these interpretations are found wanting. Another explanation using theory from
Showing off: Tests of an hypothesis about men's foraging goals
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The Handicap Principle: A Missing Piece of Darwin's Puzzle
TLDR
The authors convincingly demonstrate that when an animal acts altruistically, it handicaps itself-assumes a risk or endures a sacrifice-not primarily to benefit its kin or social group but to increase its own prestige within the group and thus signal its status as a partner or rival.
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