Who ate OH80 (Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania)? A geometric-morphometric analysis of surface bone modifications of a Paranthropus boisei skeleton

  title={Who ate OH80 (Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania)? A geometric-morphometric analysis of surface bone modifications of a Paranthropus boisei skeleton},
  author={Julia Aramendi and Mari Carmen Arriaza and Jos{\'e} Yravedra and Miguel {\'A}ngel Mat{\'e}-Gonz{\'a}lez and Mar{\'i}a Cruz Ortega and Lloyd A. Courtenay and Diego Gonz{\'a}lez-Aguilera and Agness O. Gidna and Audax Z. P. Mabulla and Enrique Baquedano and Manuel Dom{\'i}nguez‐Rodrigo},
  journal={Quaternary International},

Obtaining new resolutions in carnivore tooth pit morphological analyses: A methodological update for digital taphonomy

This final hybrid Type II fixed landmark and semi-landmark model presents a significant reduction in human induced error, generating a more metrically reliable and replicable method that can be used for data pooling in future inter-institutional research.

Developments in data science solutions for carnivore tooth pit classification

Advanced data science techniques can be considered a valuable addition to the taphonomist’s toolkit for the identification of precise carnivore agents via tooth pit morphology via 3D modelling, geometric morphometrics, robust data modelling, and artificial intelligence algorithms.

Use of Different Digitization Methods for the Analysis of Cut Marks on the Oldest Bone Found in Brittany (France)

Archaeological 3D digitization of skeletal elements is an essential aspect of the discipline. Objectives are various: archiving of data (especially before destructive sampling for biomolecular

On the Combination of Remote Sensing and Geophysical Methods for the Digitalization of the San Lázaro Middle Paleolithic Rock Shelter (Segovia, Central Iberia, Spain)

The combination of both digitalization (external and internal) has allowed for improving the knowledge of the site characteristics that, in turn, will facilitate the future excavation works.

Deep learning classification of tooth scores made by different carnivores: achieving high accuracy when comparing African carnivore taxa and testing the hominin shift in the balance of power

The balance of power (that is the dominance on the predation arena between carnivore competitors and hominins) remains controversial. One reflection of this is the carnivore modification of hominin

Standardization of ceramic shape: A case study from the Iron Age pottery from northeastern Taiwan

This case study represents an innovative application of outlinebased methods in geometric morphometry to answer the anthropological questions of craft specialization by analyzing outlines of ceramic vessels.

Deep learning improves taphonomic resolution: high accuracy in differentiating tooth marks made by lions and jaguars

The present study demonstrates that resolution increases when combining two different disciplines (taphonomy and artificial intelligence computing) in order to test new hypotheses that could not be addressed with traditional taphonomic methods.



First Partial Skeleton of a 1.34-Million-Year-Old Paranthropus boisei from Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

The morphology and size of its constituent parts suggest that the fossils derived from an extremely robust individual who, at 1.338±0.024 Ma (1 sigma), represents one of the most recent occurrences of Paranthropus before its extinction in East Africa.

FLK West (Lower Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania): a new early Acheulean site with evidence for human exploitation of fauna

This paper presents a detailed taphonomic study of the faunal assemblage from FLK West (Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania), a site with an Acheulean component that dates to 1.7 Ma. The faunal sample analysed

Did Homo erectus kill a Pelorovis herd at BK (Olduvai Gorge)? A taphonomic study of BK5

New research and excavations at Bell Korongo (BK, Olduvai Gorge, Upper Bed II) have uncovered a dense concentration of megafauna that contributes to our understanding of Homo erectus subsistence