Who are the Philippine Negritos? Evidence from Language

  title={Who are the Philippine Negritos? Evidence from Language},
  author={Lawrence Andrew. Reid},
  booktitle={Human biology},
  • L. A. Reid
  • Published in Human biology 4 December 2013
  • Medicine, Biology
Abstract This article addresses the linguistic evidence from which details about Philippine “negritos” can be inferred. [...] Key Result Many of these languages can be shown to be first order branches, suggesting early separation from the people whose languages they first acquired.Expand
Terror from the Sky: Unconventional Linguistic Clues to the Negrito Past
  • R. Blust
  • Geography, Medicine
    Human biology
  • 2013
The prospects of determining whether disparate negrito populations were once a linguistically or culturally unified community would appear hopeless, however, some clues to a common negrito past do survive in a most unexpected way.
Anthropology and GIS: Temporal and Spatial Distribution of the Philippine Negrito Groups
A GIS layer was compiled and extracted from the 2000 Philippine Census of population at the village level and overlaid on existing maps of the Philippines and will complement ongoing anthropological and genetic studies of negrito groups that inhabit different locations within the Philippine archipelago.
Iraya (iry) of Mindoro has been grouped with Central Luzon languages primarily because of a shared sound change, but many questions remain because of the unique features of the language and because
The Diversity of the Philippine Population
A country of many islands, the Philippines is also a country of many languages. The Tagalog language of Manila has been chosen as the base of the national Pilipino language, even if Cebuano counts as
What's in a Name? “Negritos” in the Context of the Human Prehistory of Southeast Asia
The evidence presented in this double issue of Human Biology speaks more against the category of “negrito” than for it, and the articles in this volume reexamine this hypothesis in a range of different ways.
Multiple migrations to the Philippines during the last 50,000 years
It is demonstrated that the Philippines was populated by at least five waves of human migration, contradict an exclusive “out-of-Taiwan” model of farming–language–people dispersal within the last four millennia for the Philippines and Island Southeast Asia.
Investigating the origins of eastern Polynesians using genome-wide data from the Leeward Society Isles
The genetic diversity of mtDNA and Y chromosome lineages in the Leeward Society Islands is consistent with linguistic evidence for settlement of eastern Polynesia proceeding from the central northern Polynesian outliers in the Solomon Islands, and challenges phylogenetic models of cultural evolution predicated onEastern Polynesia being settled from Samoa.
Philippine Ayta possess the highest level of Denisovan ancestry in the world
The findings unveil a complex intertwined history of modern and archaic humans in the Asia-Pacific region, where distinct Islander Denisovan populations differentially admixed with incoming Australians across multiple locations and at various points in time.
Indigenous migrations, Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia – and the Malay World in par-ticular – is often characterized as the pathway through which the Indo-Pacific region was orig-inally populated. This idea has undoubtedly been influenced
Introduction: Revisiting the “Negrito” Hypothesis: A Transdisciplinary Approach to Human Prehistory in Southeast Asia
The consensus reached by the contributors to this special double issue of Human Biology is that there is not yet conclusive evidence either for or against the negrito hypothesis, but the process of revisiting the problem will benefi t the knowledge of the human prehistory of Southeast Asia.


The Early Switch Hypothesis: Linguistic Evidence for Contact Between Negritos and Austronesians
The Philippine population consists of two generally quite distinct racial types. There are the so-called Malay peoples, numbering over 50 million, and then there are the Negritos, probably totaling
Unraveling the Linguistic Histories of Philippine Negritos
1. Overview The Philippines is a particularly fertile field for the study of contact-induced language change. Within the last 500 years two major powers have colonized the Philippines, the Spanish
The Batanic Languages in Relation to the Early History of the Malayo-Polynesian Subgroup of Austronesian
The Batanic languages are a group of closely related Austronesian languages spoken on the small islands scattered between Taiwan and Luzon. The purpose of this paper is to present what is known of
Historical Linguistics and Philippine Hunter-Gatherers
This paper addresses several topics with reference to Philippine hunter-gatherer groups that are relevant to an understanding of their relationships with non-hunter-gatherer groups and their
Morphosyntactic Evidence for the Position of Chamorro in the Austronesian Language Family
The Chamorro language is an Austronesian language spoken in the Marianas Islands. Its position within the Austronesian language family has been a continuing topic of discussion for more than a
The prehistory of the Austronesian-speaking peoples: A view from language
Prior to the European colonial expansions of the past several centuries the Austronesian (AN) language family had the greatest geographical extent of any on earth, including in its territory areas
Word order in Austronesian from north to south and west to east
Abstract Donohue (2005a) argues that the SVO order of most southern Austronesian languages found between mainland Southeast Asia and New Guinea is due to contact with non-Austronesian languages. I
Farming and Language in Island Southeast Asia
Current portrayals of Island Southeast Asia (ISEA) over the past 5,000 years are dominated by discussion of the Austronesian “farming/language dispersal,” with associated linguistic replacement,
The Y-chromosome landscape of the Philippines: extensive heterogeneity and varying genetic affinities of Negrito and non-Negrito groups
Results indicate extensive heterogeneity contributing to a complex genetic history for Filipino groups, with varying roles for migrations from outside the Philippines, genetic drift, and admixture among neighboring groups.
Denisova admixture and the first modern human dispersals into Southeast Asia and Oceania.
The results indicate that Denisova gene flow occurred into the common ancestors of New Guineans, Australians, and Mamanwa but not into the ancestors of the Jehai and Onge and suggest that relatives of present-day East Asians were not in Southeast Asia when the DenisovaGene flow occurred.