Who Needs a Fracking Education? The Educational Response to Low-Skill-Biased Technological Change

@article{Cascio2020WhoNA,
  title={Who Needs a Fracking Education? The Educational Response to Low-Skill-Biased Technological Change},
  author={Elizabeth U. Cascio and Ayushi Narayan},
  journal={ILR Review},
  year={2020},
  volume={75},
  pages={56 - 89}
}
The authors explore the educational response to fracking—a recent technological breakthrough in the oil and gas industry—by taking advantage of the timing of its diffusion and spatial variation in shale reserves. They show that fracking has significantly increased relative demand for less-educated male labor and increased high school dropout rates of male teens, both overall and relative to females. Estimates imply that, absent fracking, the teen male dropout rate would have been 1 percentage… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

How Local Economic Conditions Affect School Finances, Teacher Quality, and Student Achievement: Evidence from the Texas Shale Boom
Whether improved local economic conditions lead to better student outcomes is theoretically ambiguous and will depend on how schools use additional revenues and how students and teachers respond to
Earning or Learning? How Extending Closing Time in the Retail Sector Affects Youth Employment and Education
This paper estimates the causal impact of increased demand for low‐skilled workers on youth employment, and short and long run education. We exploit quasi‐experimental demand shifts for retail
School District Revenue Shocks, Resource Allocations, and Student Achievement: Evidence from the Universe of U.S. Wind Energy Installations
We examine the impact of wind energy installation on school district finances and student achievement using data on the timing, location, and capacity of the universe of U.S. installations from 1995
The Impact of Coal Activity on Local Revenues for Elementary and Secondary Education in Appalachia
This report is the second of two reports exploring the relationship between coal activity and funding for elementary and secondary education. The first report provided a descriptive analysis while
A New Balancing Act: Monetary Policy Tradeoffs in a Changing World
A new and less familiar economic environment has emerged in the United States and other countries. Our collective futures now include slower potential growth, lower long-term interest rates, and

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 71 REFERENCES
Tight Labor Markets and the Demand for Education: Evidence from the Coal Boom and Bust
Human capital theory predicts that individuals acquire less schooling when the returns to schooling are small. To test this theory, the authors study the effect of the Appalachian coal boom on high
How Local Economic Conditions Affect School Finances, Teacher Quality, and Student Achievement: Evidence from the Texas Shale Boom
Whether improved local economic conditions lead to better student outcomes is theoretically ambiguous and will depend on how schools use additional revenues and how students and teachers respond to
Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education
A diverse array of factors may influence both earnings and consumption; however, this work primarily focuses on the impact of investments in human capital upon an individual's potential earnings and
Natural resources and education outcomes in the United States
Wages, Youth Employment, and School Enrollment: Recent Evidence from Increases in World Oil Prices
We exploit variation in wage growth induced by increases in world oil prices to estimate the elasticity of young men’s labor market participation and school enrollment with respect to after-tax
Experimental Evidence on the Effect of Childhood Investments on Postsecondary Attainment and Degree Completion
This paper examines the effect of early childhood investments on college enrollment and degree completion. We use the random assignment in the Project STAR experiment to estimate the effect of
Workfare and Human Capital Investment
We examine the impact of an increase in the demand for low-skill labor caused by a large public works program (NREGS) on schooling outcomes. Exploiting the staged rollout of the program for causal
Downskilling: Changes in Employer Skill Requirements Over the Business Cycle
Using a novel database of 82.5 million online job postings, we show that employer skill requirements fell as the labor market improved from 2010 to 2014. We find that a 1 percentage point reduction
Educational Investment Responses to Economic Opportunity: Evidence from Indian Road Construction
The rural poor in developing countries, once economically isolated, are increasingly being connected to outside markets. Whether these new connections crowd out or encourage educational investment is
...
...