Who Is the Boss and Who Is Not? Accuracy of Judging Status

@article{Mast2004WhoIT,
  title={Who Is the Boss and Who Is Not? Accuracy of Judging Status},
  author={Marianne Schmid Mast and Judith A. Hall},
  journal={Journal of Nonverbal Behavior},
  year={2004},
  volume={28},
  pages={145-165}
}
We investigated whether people were accurate at judging other people's status, what behavioral and appearance cues they relied on when assessing status, whether the way those cues were used was accurate, and whether target gender affected any of the results. Targets (N = 48) were university employees (faculty and staff) who were photographed while interacting with a coworker. One sample of perceivers (66 females, 42 males) rated the relative status of the two people in the photograph to each… 

Cues of Social Status: Associations Between Attractiveness, Dominance, and Status

TLDR
Findings highlight that there is agreement between self-reports of university status and observer-perceptions of status based solely on photographs and videos, and suggest that appearance may shape newly developing social hierarchies, such as those that emerge during the transition to college.

Observers’ expectations regarding the emotional reactions of others in a failure context: the role of status and perceived dominance

An important determinant of observer’s expectations about other’s emotional reactions is the status of the other person. Status can be derived from a variety of cues and in any given situation more

Picture Power: Gender Versus Body Language in Perceived Status

Power hierarchies in interaction are maintained due to a variety of cues, including gender and body language, and can keep competent individuals from being regarded as high status. The present study

Accurate When It Counts: Perceiving Power and Status in Social Groups

Managing interpersonal sensitivity: Knowing when—and when not—to understand others. Several years ago, one of us came across an advice book titled 30 Things Everyone Should Know How To Do Before

About Face: Seeing Class and Race

Abstract People’s social class, and the perceptions of their social class are embedded in an institutional context that has important ramifications for one’s life opportunities and outcomes. Research

Is the desire for status a fundamental human motive? A review of the empirical literature.

TLDR
The relevant evidence suggests that the desire for status is indeed fundamental, and the importance of status was observed across individuals who differed in culture, gender, age, and personality, supporting the universality of the status motive.

How Accurate are Recruiters' First Impressions of Applicants in Employment Interviews?

The ability of recruiters and laypersons (students) to detect applicant personality traits and deception was studied. Participants viewed mock videotapes of target applicants answering interview

Through the eyes of love: reality and illusion in intimate relationships.

TLDR
The model, findings, and analyses help to resolve the apparent paradox that love is both riven with illusions and rooted in reality, and support both evolutionary and social psychological approaches to understanding cognition in romantic relationships.

Studying Stereotype Accuracy from an Integrative Social‐Personality Perspective

This article proposes an integrative framework for understanding the accuracy and inaccuracy of stereotypes. Specifically, we highlight research issues and traditions from social and personality
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 74 REFERENCES

On judging and being judged accurately in zero-acquaintance situations.

This research examined the role of personality, nonverbal skills, and gender as moderators ofjudging and being judged accurately in zero-acquaintance situations. Unacquainted participants, assembled

Status, Gender, and Nonverbal Behavior in Candid and Posed Photographs: A Study of Conversations Between University Employees

Ninety-six male and female university employees (93% White, 6% African American, 1% Asian) were photographed in dyads while they conversed about working at their university (candid photographs) and

Assigned and Felt Status in Relation to Observer-Coded and Participant-Reported Smiling

Three experiments examined the relation of smiling to experimentally assigned interpersonal status and, within status groups, to self-reported feelings of status/power. In two of the experiments,

Who attains social status? Effects of personality and physical attractiveness in social groups.

TLDR
Three studies investigated personological determinants of status in social groups (fraternity, sorority, and dormitory), relating the Big Five personality traits and physical attractiveness to peer ratings of status.

Dyad rapport and the accuracy of its judgment across situations: A lens model analysis.

Ecology of rapport and its perception within 2 contexts (i.e., adversarial and cooperative) were examined from a Brunswikian perspective. A lens model analysis determined (a) which observable cues

Interperting the expressive behavior of others: The Interpersonal Perception Task

This paper describes the validation of the Interpersonal Perception Task (IPT), a new method for studying the process of social perception. The IPT is a videotape consisting of 30 scenes. Each scene

When Is Dominance Related to Smiling? Assigned Dominance, Dominance Preference, Trait Dominance, and Gender as Moderators

We investigated gender and different types of dominance measures as potential moderators of the relation between dominance and smiling. We asked participants about their preference for either a

The Nonverbal Display and Judgment of Extraversion, Masculinity, Femininity, and Gender Diagnosticity: A Lens Model Analysis

Abstract Thirty-four college men and 33 women were assessed on extraversion (E), gender diagnosticity (GD), masculine instrumentality (M), and feminine expressiveness (F). Participants were

Status Characteristics and Social Interaction

This paper discusses the small groups literature on status organizing processes in decisionmaking groups whose members differ in external status. This literature demonstrates that status
...