Who Is Placed into Special Education?

  title={Who Is Placed into Special Education?},
  author={Jacob Hibel and George Farkas and Paul L. Morgan},
  journal={Sociology of education},
  volume={83 4},
We use nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) to identify variables measured in the fall of 1998 (when the sample's students were in kindergarten) that predict special education placement by the spring of 2004 (when those not retained were finishing fifth grade). Placement's strongest kindergarten predictor is a student's own level of academic achievement. Also important is the student's frequency of classroom task… CONTINUE READING

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