Who Do Voter ID Laws Keep from Voting?

@article{Fraga2022WhoDV,
  title={Who Do Voter ID Laws Keep from Voting?},
  author={Bernard L. Fraga and Michael G. Miller},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  year={2022},
  volume={84},
  pages={1091 - 1105}
}
Voter identification (ID) laws have sparked concerns of vote suppression, but existing evidence relies on aggregate analyses or survey self-reports. We leverage unique information from Texas, where registrants without ID filed “reasonable impediment declarations” (RIDs) before voting. Linking 16,000 RID forms to the Texas voter file, we provide the first direct documentation of the traits of voters who would be stopped from voting under strict identification laws. Our preregistered analysis… 
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