Who Are Medical Marijuana Patients? Population Characteristics from Nine California Assessment Clinics

  title={Who Are Medical Marijuana Patients? Population Characteristics from Nine California Assessment Clinics},
  author={Craig Reinarman and Helen Nunberg and Fran Lanthier and Thomas Reed Heddleston},
  journal={Journal of Psychoactive Drugs},
  pages={128 - 135}
Marijuana is a currently illegal psychoactive drug that many physicians believe has substantial therapeutic uses. [] Key Method This article reports on a sample of 1,746 patients from a network of nine medical marijuana evaluation clinics in California. Patients completed a standardized medical history form; evaluating physicians completed standardized evaluation forms.
Are medical marijuana users different from recreational users? The view from primary care.
The results suggest that there are few distinct differences between medical and recreational users of marijuana, and the differences observed, while mostly very small in effect size, are consistent with at least some medical users employing marijuana to relieve symptoms and distress associated with medical illness.
Demographics, Perceptions, and Use of Medical Marijuana among Patients in Florida
The findings highlight the need to further investigate the use of MMJ as a viable treatment for pain and anxiety and to improve access of quality cannabis information to patients, physicians, and dispensary employees.
Prevalence of medical marijuana use in California, 2012.
The study's results lend support to the idea that medical marijuana is used equally by many groups of people and is not exclusively used by any one specific group.
Medical Marijuana Policy Reform Reaches Florida: A Scoping Review.
There was general scientific consensus of therapeutic benefits for patients, especially for chronic pain, from the use of medical marijuana, and several barriers for physicians and patients around cost, stigma, and lack of insurance coverage which constrains use and access were identified.
Exploration of Patient Variables and Characteristics Best Suited for Medical Marijuana Treatment for Anxiety and Depressive Disorders
What mental health symptoms medical marijuana treats and what factors indicate medical marijuana is a suitable treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression are understood.
Medical Reasons for Marijuana Use, Forms of Use, and Patient Perception of Physician Attitudes Among the US Population
Americans are using marijuana to treat medical conditions despite lack of evidence of efficacy, and women were more likely to use marijuana for posttraumatic stress disorder, sleep, anxiety, and migraines.
Becoming a Medical Marijuana User
Howard Becker’s analysis of marijuana use has had long-standing impacts upon our collective understanding of how individuals become drug users. This paper ultimately asks whether the framework
Self-Medication of Somatic and Psychiatric Conditions Using Botanical Marijuana
These findings may be of interest to clinicians as they treat patients, to lawmakers and policymakers as they consider legislation allowing physicians to recommend botanical marijuana for somatic and psychiatric conditions, and to researchers evaluating conditions that individuals elect to self-medicate using botanicalarijuana.
Health conditions and motivations for marijuana use among young adult medical marijuana patients and non‐patient marijuana users
Patients were significantly more likely to report a range of health conditions and motivations associated with medical use than non-patients and a great majority of patients reported obtaining a medical marijuana recommendation for health problems in accordance with the California law.


Long term marijuana users seeking medical cannabis in California (2001–2007): demographics, social characteristics, patterns of cannabis and other drug use of 4117 applicants
This study examines the demographic profiles and other selected characteristics of 4117 California marijuana users who applied for medical recommendations between late 2001 and mid 2007 to yield a somewhat unexpected profile of a hitherto hidden population of users of America's most popular illegal drug.
Medical Cannabis Patients: Patient Profiles and Health Care Utilization Patterns
Results show that patients tend to be males older than 35, identify with multiple ethnicities, and report variable symptom duration and current health status, and satisfaction with medical cannabis facilities is significantly higher than nationally reported satisfaction with health care.
History of medical marijuana policy in US
Physician Attitudes Regarding the Prescription of Medical Marijuana
Non-moralistic attitudes toward substance use were significantly associated with support for physician prescription, as was internal medicine and obstetrics-gynecology specialization.
  • K. McCarthy
  • Medicine, Law
    The Journal of legal medicine
  • 2004
A Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decision left undisturbed by the United States Supreme Court appears to answer the question of whether Dr. Jones aided Sarah in criminal behavior, which has interesting implications for the so-called "medical marijuana movement".
The medicinal use of cannabis in the UK: results of a nationwide survey
The results of a self‐administered questionnaire study conducted in the United Kingdom between 1998 and 2002 point to the need for clinical studies of cannabis and cannabinoids with standardised and quality‐controlled products.
Marijuana as antiemetic medicine: a survey of oncologists' experiences and attitudes.
  • R. Doblin, M. Kleiman
  • Medicine
    Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • 1991
This survey demonstrates that oncologists' experience with the medical use of marijuana is more extensive, and their opinions of it are more favorable, than the regulatory authorities appear to have believed.
Cannabis use in HIV for pain and other medical symptoms.
Marijuana and chronic obstructive lung disease: a population-based study
Smoking both tobacco and marijuana synergistically increased the risk of respiratory symptoms and COPD, and smoking only marijuana was not associated with an increased risk.
Short-Term Effects of Cannabinoids in Patients with HIV-1 Infection
The findings of no large harmful effects on viral loads with either smoked or oral cannabinoids need to be confirmed in larger and longer trials, and the likelihood of a drugdrug interaction between protease inhibitors and marijuana is worrisome since many HIV-infected patients continue to smoke marijuana as an appetite stimulant or to decrease nausea associated with their antiretroviral therapy.