Who's in Charge Here?

  title={Who's in Charge Here?},
  author={Roy F. Baumeister and Stuart P. Chesner and Pamela S. Senders and Dianne M. Tice},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={17 - 22}
Past work has shown that bystanders often fail to help a victim in an emergency, because responsibility for helping diffuses over all the bystanders there. In the present experiment, subjects were exposed to a simulated emergency (a choking fit) that occurred in the course of a structured group interaction. Subjects who had been designated as subordinate group members for the experimental task generally failed to come to the victim's aid, consistent with past findings. Subjects who had been… 
A classmate in distress: schoolchildren as bystanders and their reasons for how they act
Research has shown that bystanders more often fail to or are slower to help a victim in emergency when there are other bystanders than when there are not. The study presented in this paper is a
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Bystander intervention in emergencies: diffusion of responsibility.
This experiment suggests that the explanation for bystander inaction in real-life emergencies may lie more in the bystander's response to other observers than in his indifference to the victim.
Some consequences of de-individuation in a group
“A group phenomenon which we have called de-individuation has been described and defined as a state of affairs in a group where members do not pay attention to other individuals qua individuals, and,
Group inhibition of bystander intervention in emergencies.
Male undergraduates found themselves in a smoke-filling room either alone, with 2 nonreacting others, or in groups of 3. As predicted, Ss were less likely to report the smoke when in the presence of
Ten years of research on group size and helping Psychological Bulletin Vol 89
An apparatus for the preparation and distribution of individual dosage units of pharmaceutical material including a portable housing means provided with a plurality of distribution trays removably