Who's in Charge Here?

@article{Baumeister1988WhosIC,
  title={Who's in Charge Here?},
  author={Roy F. Baumeister and Stuart P. Chesner and Pamela S. Senders and Dianne M. Tice},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={1988},
  volume={14},
  pages={17 - 22}
}
Past work has shown that bystanders often fail to help a victim in an emergency, because responsibility for helping diffuses over all the bystanders there. In the present experiment, subjects were exposed to a simulated emergency (a choking fit) that occurred in the course of a structured group interaction. Subjects who had been designated as subordinate group members for the experimental task generally failed to come to the victim's aid, consistent with past findings. Subjects who had been… 
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TLDR
This experiment suggests that the explanation for bystander inaction in real-life emergencies may lie more in the bystander's response to other observers than in his indifference to the victim.
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Male undergraduates found themselves in a smoke-filling room either alone, with 2 nonreacting others, or in groups of 3. As predicted, Ss were less likely to report the smoke when in the presence of
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An apparatus for the preparation and distribution of individual dosage units of pharmaceutical material including a portable housing means provided with a plurality of distribution trays removably