White Matter and Cognition in Adults Who Were Born Preterm

  title={White Matter and Cognition in Adults Who Were Born Preterm},
  author={Matthew P. G. Allin and Dimitris Kontis and Muriel Walshe and J. S. Wyatt and Gareth J. Barker and Richard A. A. Kanaan and Philip K. McGuire and Larry Rifkin and Robin M. Murray and Chiara Nosarti},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
Background and Purpose Individuals born very preterm (before 33 weeks of gestation, VPT) are at risk of damage to developing white matter, which may affect later cognition and behaviour. Methods We used diffusion tensor MRI (DT-MRI) to assess white matter microstructure (fractional anisotropy; FA) in 80 VPT and 41 term-born individuals (mean age 19.1 years, range 17–22, and 18.5 years, range17–22 years, respectively). VPT individuals were part of a 1982–1984 birth cohort which had been followed… 

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