White Lotus Rebels and South China Pirates: Crisis and Reform in the Qing Empire

  title={White Lotus Rebels and South China Pirates: Crisis and Reform in the Qing Empire},
  author={Wensheng Wang},
The reign of Emperor Jiaqing (1796-1820 CE) has long occupied an awkward position in studies of China's last dynasty, the Qing (1644-1911 CE). Conveniently marking a watershed between the prosperous eighteenth century and the tragic post-Opium War era, this quarter century has nevertheless been glossed over as an unremarkable interlude separating two well-studied epochs of great transformation. "White Lotus Rebels and South China Pirates "presents a major reassessment of this misunderstood… Expand
Reluctant guerrillas in early nineteenth century China: the White Lotus insurgents and their suppressors
  • Y. Dai
  • History
  • Small Wars & Insurgencies
  • 2019
ABSTRACT At the turn of the nineteenth century, China’s Qing dynasty (1644–1912) was hit by a sectarian rebellion. Commonly considered a breakpoint marking the end of the dynasty’s golden ageExpand
Austerity in times of war: government finance in early nineteenth-century China
  • E. Kaske
  • Economics
  • Financial History Review
  • 2018
Qing China represents a counterfactual to the early modern European history of fiscal expansion in the wake of warfare. In response to the staggering costs of suppressing the White Lotus RebellionExpand
Abstract In late imperial China, an extremely small number of bureaucrats adopted corpse admonition (shijian 尸諫) to protest with their death what they regarded as inadequacies or failings in theExpand
Loyal Souls Come Home: Manifest Loyalty Shrines and the Decentering of War Commemoration in the Qing Empire (1724–1803)
The Manifest Loyalty shrine (Zhaozhongci), a large complex holding spirit tablets of all Qing war dead (zhenwang guanbing), was established by the Yongzheng emperor in 1724 on a property north ofExpand
After the Prosperous Age: State and Elites in Early Nineteenth-Century Suzhou
need, for example, a man might be compelled to either sell a son to another family or lease out his wife so that all three family members could survive. Although Zhao Ma does not generalize aboutExpand
Reporting to the Sage: Military Monuments in the Imperial Academy in Qing China
This article presents a study of a unique kind of commemorative stele erected by Qing emperors in the Imperial Academy—the symbol of Confucian culture and civilian education—and also replicated inExpand
New Qing History: Dispute, Dialog, and Influence
This article studies the New Qing History approach that arose in the US in the 1980s and the ensuing responses to it, and how these responses can be understood in the context of American ChinaExpand
The Daoguang Response to the Āfāqī khoja Jahāngīr during the 1826–1828 Jahāngīr Uprising
This study examines Qing state attention to the Muslim challenger Jahāngīr, leader of Xinjiang’s 1826–1828 Jahāngīr Uprising. It considers how imperial agents, guided by Emperor Daoguang, defined andExpand
State and Smuggling in Modern China: The Case of Guangzhouwan/Zhanjiang
Author(s): Pieragastini, Steven | Abstract: The Leizhou Peninsula in western Guangdong (concurrent with the present-day municipality of Zhanjiang) has at several points in history been an importantExpand
The Economic History of China: From Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century
China's extraordinary rise as an economic powerhouse in the past two decades poses a challenge to many long-held assumptions about the relationship between political institutions and economicExpand