Which Came First, the Fossil or the Fuel?

  title={Which Came First, the Fossil or the Fuel?},
  author={S. Cole},
  journal={Social Studies of Science},
  pages={733 - 766}
  • S. Cole
  • Published 1996
  • Philosophy
  • Social Studies of Science
  • This paper chronicles a challenge to the conventional theory of petroleum generation mounted by astro- and geophysicist Thomas Gold. Beginning in the late 1970s, Gold revived the `abiogenic' theory, which holds that hydrocarbons are primordial, not remnants of decayed biology. By contesting the central tenet of petroleum geology, Gold precipitated a bitter scientific controversy. Both sides employed novel rhetorical strategies in order to impute interests, to contest expertise, to recruit… CONTINUE READING
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